Monday, December 7, 2020
- Buoy 233 (Pearl Harbor Entrance)/Buoy 239 (Lanai): Seas were 3.3 ft @ 13.3 secs with swell 1.7 ft @ 15.4 secs from 302 degrees.
- Buoy 106 (Waimea): Seas were 8.5 ft @ 15.4 secs with swell 5.8 ft @ 15.4 secs from 319 degrees. Water temp 79.5 degs.
- Buoy 46025 (Catalina RDG): Seas were 2.9 ft @ 11.4 secs with swell 2.0 ft @ 11.8 secs from 274 degrees. Wind at the buoy was east at 12-14 kts. Water temperature 61.5 degs. At Harvest Buoy (071) primary swell was 4.5 ft @ 13.4 secs from 292 degrees. At Santa Monica (028) swell was 1.7 ft @ 11.6 secs from 262 degrees. At Oceanside (045) swell was 1.4 ft @ 11.8 secs from 270 degrees. Southward at Point Loma (191) swell was 2.2 ft @ 12.2 secs from 271 degrees.
- Buoy 46012 (Half Moon Bay)/029 (Pt Reyes): Seas were 8.9 ft @ 11.8 secs with swell 3.5 ft @ 23.2 ft from 282 degrees. Wind at the buoy (012) was north at 14-18 kts. Water temp 51.3 degs (013), 52.5 degs (SF Bar) and 52.7 degs (042).
See Hi-Res Buoy Dashboards (bottom of the page)
Swell Classification Guidelines
Significant: Winter - Swell 8 ft @ 14 secs or greater (11+ ft faces) for 8+ hours (greater than double overhead).
Summer - Head high or better.
Advanced: Winter - Swell and period combination capable of generating faces 1.5 times overhead to double overhead (7-10 ft)
Summer - Chest to head high.
Intermediate/Utility Class: Winter - Swell and period combination generating faces at head high to 1.5 times overhead (4-7 ft).
Summer - Waist to chest high.
Impulse/Windswell: Winter - Swell and period combination generating faces up to head high (1-4 ft) or anything with a period less than 11 secs.
Summer - up to waist high swell. Also called 'Background' swell.
Surf Heights for Hawaii should be consider 'Hawaiian Scale' if period exceeds 14 secs.
On Monday (12/7) in North and Central CA Swell #2 was starting to hit producing waves at 3-4 ft overhead and lined up and raw with hard offshore winds. Protected breaks were 1-2 ft overhead and super lined up and clean and closed out. At Santa Cruz surf was head high or so and lined up and peeling and clean. In Southern California/Ventura waves were waist high but destroyed by very strong Santa Anna winds. Central Orange County had set waves at waist high and soft with light winds and glassy conditions. South Orange County's best summertime breaks had sets at thigh to maybe waist high and clean and placid. North San Diego was near flat and clean. Hawaii's North Shore was getting sideband energy from Swell #2 at 3 ft overhead and lined up and clean and peeling at best breaks. The South Shore was flat to knee high and clean. The East Shore was getting east windswell with waves waist to chest high and lightly chopped from easterly trades.
See QuikCASTs for the 5 day surf overview or read below for the detailed view.
On Monday (12/7) Swell #2 was hitting Hawaii and bound for California originating from a storm that developed in the Western Gulf of Alaska with 54 ft seas aimed east. A weaker pattern to follow but the models are teasing long term with much more long period energy possible.
See all the details below...
SHORT- TERM FORECAST
Current marine weather and wave analysis plus forecast conditions for the next 72 hours
On Monday (12/7) the jet was fully consolidated pushing east off Japan with winds 160 kts pushing east over the dateline then falling weakly into a small trough 600 nmiles north of Hawaii offering weak support for gale formation then pushing hard northeast with winds building to 190 kts and into British Columbia. Over the next 72 hours winds are to rebuild to near 200 kts approaching the dateline on Wed (12/9) with a new small trough developing over the North Dateline region supporting gale formation there then easing slowly to the east later Thurs (12/10) and weakening with support for gale formation fading. Beyond 72 hours a new broad but weak trough is to set up in the Gulf of Alaska late Sat (12/12) building into Mon (12/14) being fed by winds building to 130 kts offering support for gale development. And by late Monday a new trough is to build in the Northwestern Gulf being fed by 150 kts winds with a stronger trough developing just off Japan with winds building there to 170 kts and all consolidated down at 35N pushing due east. An improving pattern looks possible.
On Monday (12/7) swell from Storm #2 was hitting Hawaii and bound for California (see see Storm #2 below).
Over the next 72 hours swell from Strong Storm #2 is to be impacting both Hawaii and and the US West Coast.
Also starting Wed AM (12/9) a small gale is forecast developing over the North Dateline region producing 40 kt northwest winds and seas building from 20 ft at 45.5N 169E aimed southeast. In the evening west winds are to build at 40-45 kts just west of the dateline and over a small area aimed east with seas 25 ft at 46N 173E aimed southeast. On Thurs AM (12/10) fetch is to lift north slightly at 40-45 kts from the west with seas 29 ft just south of the Central Aleutians at 45N 175E aimed southeast. This system is to hold position in the evening with 40 kt northwest winds and seas 29 ft at 45N 177W aimed southeast. More of the same is forecast Fri AM (12/11) with 40 kt northwest winds steady and seas 28 ft at 46.5N 178E aimed southeast. No change in the evening with 28 ft seas at 48.5N 179.5E aimed southeast. The gale is to be fading out Sat AM (12/12). Small northerly angled swell is possible for Hawaii and the US West Coast.
Hawaii: Swell arrival possibly on Sun (12/13) building to 5.6 ft @ 15 secs later in the day (8.0 ft). Swell Direction: 325 degrees
Another strong storm developed just west of the dateline on Fri AM (12/4) producing 45-50 kt west winds and seas building to 23 ft at 40N 172E aimed east. In the evening the storm pushing over the dateline producing 60-65 kt west winds (hurricane force) with seas building from 44 ft at 40N 176.5W aimed east. On Sat AM (12/5) the storm was sweep fast east with 55 kt west winds over the Western Gulf with seas building to 52 ft at 40.5N 165.5W aimed east. The storm is to plod east-northeast in the evening with 50-55 kt west winds in the Western Gulf with seas 54 ft at 45.5N 157W aimed due east. On Sun AM (12/6) the storm is to start fading with 45-50 kt west winds while lifting northeast and seas fading from 52 ft up at 47N 154W aimed east. In the evening the gale is to continue fading in the Northern Gulf with 40 kt west winds and seas fading from 45 ft at 49N 149W aimed east-northeast. On Mon AM (12/7) the last little fetch is to be fading from 35-40 kts from the southwest positioned in the Northern Gulf with seas fading from 37 ft at 53N 147.5W aimed east-northeast targeting only British Columbia and points north of there. Large swell is expected targeting mainly the US West Coast.
Hawaii (Oahu): Swell still decent Mon AM (12/7) fading from 8.4 ft @ 15 secs (12.5 ft). Residuals fading on Tues AM (12/8) from 5.6 ft @ 12-13 secs early (7.0 ft). Swell fading Wed AM (12/9) from 5.2 ft @ 12-13 secs (6.5 ft). Thurs AM (12/10) swell fading out from 2.8 ft @ 11 secs (3.0 ft). Swell Direction: 330-335 degrees
North CA: Expect swell arrival on late on Mon (12/7) building to 7.0 ft @ 21 secs just after dark (14 ft). Swell building fast from there. On Tues AM (12/8) pure swell to be 13.1 ft @ 18-19 secs (24 ft) and slowly fading through the day but still substantial at sunset. Residual swell fading on Wed (12/9) from 10 ft @ 15 secs (15 ft). Swell Direction: 290-298 degrees Large consistent and dangerous swell conditions likely. Do not venture near or into the ocean unless you are highly experienced.
North Pacific Animations: Jetstream - Surface Pressure/Wind - Sea Height - Surf Height
No tropical weather system of interest were being monitored.
California Nearshore Forecast
On Monday (12/7) northeast winds were blowing hard offshore early at near 30 kts at some spots forecast fading to 5-10 kts later. Tues (12/8) northeast winds are forecast for all of North and Central CA early at 5-10 kts perhaps turning northwest at 5+ kts later and up to 15 kts near Pt Arena. Wed (12/9) north winds are forecast at 20 kts for Cape Mendocino early and 10 kts south of there the Pt Conception building to 25 kts over Cape Mendocino in the afternoon and 10 kts sweeping down the remainder of the North CA coast into Central CA. On Thurs (12/10) northwest winds are forecast at 20-25 kts off the coast of North and Central CA and 10 kts nearshore early building to 20-25 kts nearshore in the afternoon all locations. Maybe some sprinkles for Cape Mendocino in the evening. On Fri (12/11) northwest winds are forecast at 15-20 kts for all of North and Central CA holding all day. On Sat AM (12/12) a weak front is to impact Cape Mendocino with southwest winds 15 kts early with light winds south to Monterey Bay then turning northwest 10-15 kts to Pt Conception early and holding that way all day. Rain for North CA tracking south to the Golden Gate in the afternoon but no further. Sunday (12/13) more of the same is forecast with the front and southwest winds 15-20 kts for North CA and northwest winds for Central CA 10 kts early with winds turning northwest 10 kts all locations in the afternoon. Rain for all of North CA pushing south to Monterey Bay in the evening. Snow for the higher elevations of Lake Tahoe. Monday (12/14) light winds are forecast early for North CA and northwest at 10 kts for Central CA turning west 10 kts for North CA later and northwest 15 kts south of Monterey Bay to Pt Conception. Light rain for Cape Mendocino early.
Total snow accumulation for the week for Squaw Valley, Sugar Bowl, Kirkwood and Mammoth at 9 inches, 6 inches, 5 inches, and 0 inches respectively.
Freezing level 12.000 through 12/9 then falling to 7,000 ft 12/10 and holding, possible dropping to 3000 ft by 12/16.
Snow Models: http://www.stormsurf.com/mdls/menu_snow.html (Scroll down for resort specific forecasts). Updated!
On Saturday (12/5) no swell was in the water and no swell producing weather systems were occurring. but a small storm did produce some seas of interest (See New Zealand storm below)
Over the next 72 hours no swell producing weather systems are forecast.
New Zealand Storm
A small storm developed just southwest of New Zealand on Wed AM (12/2) producing 50 ft west winds and 45 ft seas at 52.5S 156E aimed east. In the evening west winds faded from 40 kts and seas were 42 ft at 54.5S 166E aimed east. On Thurs AM (12/3) 40 kt west winds persisted south of New Zealand with 35 ft seas at 57S 166.5E aimed east. Fetch fading from 35 kts in the evening with seas fading from 33 ft at 56.5S 174E aimed east. The gale dissipated after that. Small swell has been generated and is expected to radiate into Southern CA.
Southern CA: Swell arrival roughly on Fri AM (12/11) at 1 ft @ 20 secs (2 ft). Swell building on Sat (12/12) to 1.3 ft @ 18 secs (2.0-2.5 ft). Swell holding Sun (12/13) at 1.3 ft at 16-17 secs (2.0-2.5 ft). Swell fading on Mon (12/14) from 1.2 ft @ 15-16 secs (2.0 ft). Swell Direction: 219 degrees
South Pacific Animations: Jetstream - Surface Pressure/Wind - Sea Height - Surf Height
Marine weather and forecast conditions 3-10 days into the future
Beyond 72 hours a small gale is to develop in the Eastern Gulf of Alaska on Sat PM (12/12) with 45 kt west winds and seas building from 28 ft at 48N 140W aimed east. The gael is to hold position Sun AM (12/13) with 45 kts west winds and seas 36 ft at 48.5N 139.5W aimed east. The gael is to east east in the evening with 45 kt west winds and seas 33 ft at 48N 137W and on the edge of the NCal swell window at 319 degrees. The gale to fade after that. Something to monitor.
And maybe another small storm is to develop just west of the dateline on Sun AM (12/13) producing 50 kt northwest winds and seas building. In the evening northwest winds to build to 55 kts as the storm pushes east with seas building to 34 ft at 37N 174E aimed east. On Mon AM (12/14) northwest winds to be 55 kt over a solid area just east of the dateline tracking east with seas building to 46 ft at 40N 177W aimed east. In the evening 50 kt northwest winds are to be moving into the Western Gulf with seas 46 ft at 42N 170W. Something to monitor.
And behind a stronger storm is forecast developing off Japan on Mon AM (12/14) with 60 kt northwest winds and seas building from 36 ft at 40N 150E. In the evening the storm is to push east with winds 55 kts and seas 57 ft at 41.5N 156.5E aimed east. Here we go again!
Beyond 72 hours no swell producing weather systems of interest are forecast. The southern hemi is asleep.
Nino 1.2 Sea Surface Temps Continue Warming Trend
The Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) is a periodic weather cycle that tracks east along the equator circumnavigating the globe. It is characterized in it's Inactive Phase by enhanced trade winds and dry weather over the part of the equator it is in control of, and in it's Active Phase by slackening if not an outright reversing trade winds while enhancing precipitation. The oscillation occurs in roughly 20-30 day cycles (Inactive for 20-30 days, then Active for 20-30 days) over any single location on the planet, though most noticeable in the Pacific. During the Active Phase in the Pacific the MJO tends to support the formation of stronger and longer lasting gales resulting in enhanced potential for the formation of swell producing storms. Prolonged and consecutive Active MJO Phases in the Pacific help support the formation of El Nino. During the Inactive Phase the jet stream tends to split resulting in high pressure and less potential for swell producing storm development. Wind anomalies in the Kelvin Wave Generation Area (KWGA) are key for understanding what Phase the MJO is in over the Pacific. The KWGA is located on the equator from 135E-170W and 5 degs north and south (or on the equator from New Guinea east to the dateline). West wind anomalies in the KWGA suggest the Active Phase of the MJO in the Pacific, and east anomalies suggests the Inactive Phase. In turn the Active Phase strengthens and the Inactive Phase weakens the jetstream, which in turn enhances or dampens storm production respectively in the Pacific.And the El Nino/La Nino cycle (collectively know as ENSO - El Nino Southern Oscillation) is a less frequent (about once every 7 years) but more impactful cycle that affects world wide weather. Specifically, strong El Nino events promote storm production in the Pacific while La Nina events suppress storm production. These therefore have a significant impact on the production of swell and surf. The paragraphs below analyze the state of the MJO and ENSO in the Pacific and provide forecasts for upcoming activity (or inactivity depending on the state and interaction of these two oscillations).
Overview: A double dip La Nina was in control through the Winter of 2017-2018. But warming started building along the South and Central American coast in early March 2018 associated with two upwelling Kelvin Waves, and continued trying to build over equatorial waters over the Summer and Fall, but not enough to declare El Nino and not coupled with the atmosphere. In January 2019, those warm waters were fading, but then rebuilt late in Feb associated with Kelvin Wave (#3). But as of early June 2019 warm water was fading and by August a tongue of cool water was tracking west on the equator from Ecuador over the Galapagos reaching to a point nearly south of Hawaii. El Nino was dead. A bit of a recovery occurred during Fall of 2019, with weak warm water building in the Nino 1.2 region, but cool water held in a pool off Peru and had not changed until March 2020. By April the cool pool pushed east and by May subsurface cool waters erupted off Ecuador, forming a well defined cool tongue that looked like the start of La Nina, holding into July 2020.
LONG-RANGE PACIFIC STORM AND SWELL GENERATION POTENTIAL FORECAST
Fall/Winter 2020/2021 = 3.0/3.5 (California & Hawaii)
Rating based on a 1-10 scale: 1 being the lowest (small and infrequent surf conditions), 5 being normal/average, and 10 being extraordinary (frequent events of large, long period swells)
Rationale: It is assumed the PDO has moved to the warm phase in 2014 and that a weak borderline El Nino from 2018 faded out in the Fall of 2019. A La Nina like ocean temperature pattern developed in the equatorial East Pacific in the summer of 2019, then faded and returned to a neutral if not weak warm status during the Winter of 2019-2020 only to return stronger in the Summer of 2020. We have been suspecting a turn towards a La Nina like atmospheric pattern to develop in the late Winter/early Spring of 2020. Our best hope is that moderation from the warm phase of the PDO might tamp down development of a full blown La Nina as we move into 2020. But at this time that does not appear likely. Given all that, for the 2020 there is decent probability for development of La Nina meaning a reduced number of storm days and storm intensity during the summer season, resulting in a below normal level of swell, with swell being below normal duration and period. And by the Fall and early Winter of 2020/21, the number of storm days, intensity and duration of those storms should fade even more, resulting in depressed swell production. This pattern is expected to hold through the Spring of 2021.
KWGA/Equatorial Surface Wind Analysis & Short-term Forecast (KWGA - Kelvin Wave Generation Area - The area 5 degrees north and south of the equator from 170W to 135E)
Analysis (TAO Buoys): As of (12/6) 5 day average winds were strong from the east over the Eastern equatorial Pacific continuing over the Central Pacific and strong from the east over the KWGA. Anomalies were neutral to light west over the East equatorial Pacific turning weak easterly over the Central Pacific and moderate to strong easterly over the KWGA. (Note: These are 5 day average winds, so they lag what is happening today by about 2 days).
1 Week Forecast (GFS Model): On (12/7) strong east anomalies were filling the KWGA reaching east to a point south of Hawaii. The forecast calls for strong east anomalies holding and filling the KWGA through 12/9 then moderating to moderate status and holding through the end of the model run on 12/14. East anomalies are to fluctuate but generally cover the area east to a point south of Hawaii through the end of the model run.
Kelvin Wave Generation Area wind monitoring model: West and East
- Longer Range MJO/WWB Projections:
OLR Models: (12/6) A weak MJO signal is present over the KWGA today with the Active Phase trying to ease into it from the west over the Maritime Continent and the Inactive Phase pushing east and almost out of the Eastern KWGA. The statistic model indicates this pattern is to hold unchanged for the next 15 days. The dynamic model suggests much the same.
Phase Diagrams 2 week forecast (ECMF and GEFS): (12/7) The statistical model depicts the Active Phase was weak over the Maritime Continent today and is to track east to the West Pacific and getting steadily weaker and non-existent on day 15. The GEFS model suggests the Active Phase is to hold over the Maritime Continent at weak status through day 15.
40 day Upper Level Model (assumed to be a statistical mode and 1 week ahead of what is occurring at the surface): (12/6) This model depicts a weak Active Phase (wet air) over the East Pacific tracking east while fading pushing into Central America on 12/21. A modest Inactive Phase was over the West Pacific and is to push east and into the Central America on 1/5. A weak Active Phase is to push into the West Pacific on 1/10 easing east at the end of the model run on 1/15. .
4 Week CFS Model (850 mb wind): (12/6) This model depicts no MJO signal over the KWGA today but with moderate east anomalies over the core of the KWGA. The forecast indicates east anomalies are to hold in coverage over the KWGA but get progressively weaker starting 12/9 and fading by 12/21, only to return weakly on 12/29 holding through the end of the model over the KWGA to 1/3. The low pass filters coverage of high pressure over the KWGA is to be down by 50% at that time.
3 Month CFS Model (850 mb wind): (12/7 - using the 4th/latest ensemble member): This model depicts the Inactive Phase of the MJO was fading over the KWGA today with east anomalies in control. The Inactive Phase is to push east and out of the KWGA by 12/23 but east anomalies from it are to be fading in the KWGA and gone by 12/17. A weak Active Phase is to start pushing into the Western KWGA on 12/15 and tracking east through 2/12 initially producing weak west anomalies in the KWGA then building to moderate status starting 1/2-2/9. A weak Inactive MJO is to return 2/10 but with west wind anomalies unchanged in the KWGA through the end of the model run on 3/6. The low pass filter indicates a high pressure bias is firmly in control over the dateline today with 2 contour lines reaching east to a point south of California and is to continue through the end of the model run with it's western periphery easing east to 160E at the end of the model run. A third contour line is to appear on 12/15 holding through the end of the model run. A single contour low pressure bias is over the Indian Ocean today and is to build in coverage holding through the end of the model run and its eastern periphery easing east to 150E at the end of the model run. Its core is to start moving east at that time. East anomalies that have been previously solid in the Indian Ocean for over a year previous migrated east through the West Pacific to the East Pacific on 10/1 and then stabilized there, but now are forecast to perhaps start weakening in early Feb. For now the trend is towards a building La Nina though the model suggest it might be dislodged in Spring.
CFSv2 3 month forecast for 850 mb winds, MJO, Rossby etc - Alternate link
Subsurface Waters Temps
TAO Array: (12/7) Today in the far West Pacific the 30 deg isotherm was gone. The 29 deg isotherm was retrograding to 156E today. The 28 deg isotherm line has retrograded west to 170E if not 169E today. The 24 deg isotherm was steady at 145W today with a finger on the surface extending east to 120W. Anomaly wise, warm anomalies +1 deg C were steady in the West Pacific pushing east to 150W at depth today but no warmth east of there and no sign of moving east anytime soon. A far more modest cooling pattern is setting up over the East PAcific with anomalies -2 degs C in the far East, but otherwise temps generally -1 deg C over most of the East and Central Pacific at depth. The hi-res GODAS animation posted 11/29 indicates a stronger cool pattern over the East Pacific at depth but with warming easing east to 150W. The GODAS animation appears to be 1 week behind the TAO data but also is more detailed and accurately modeled.
Sea Level Anomalies: (11/29) Negative anomalies were forming a wave pushing west from the Galapagos to 165W peaking at -15 cms at 115W and -10 cms solid from Ecuador to 140W. Negative anomalies were -5 to -10 cms along the coast of Peru up into Ecuador and then reaching north up to Baja and into South and North CA. Looking at the big picture, negative anomalies were forming a massive triangle from San Francisco south to Southern Chile and west out to the intersection of the dateline and the equator. No positive anomalies were over the equatorial Pacific, except from the dateline and points west of there.
Surface Water Temps
The more warm water in the equatorial East Pacific means more storm production in the North Pacific during winter months (roughly speaking). Cold water in that area has a dampening effect. Regardless of what the atmospheric models and surface winds suggest, actual water temperatures are a ground-truth indicator of what is occurring in the ocean. All data is from blended infrared and microwave sensors.
Hi-res Nino1.2 & 3.4: (12/6) The latest images indicate cold anomalies were on the equator from Ecuador west to the dateline and solid in density over that entire and large area. Colder anomalies were imbedded in that flow between 110W to 150W today but not a cold as weeks past. And the overall cool pool does not look as cold as weeks and months past. Cool anomalies were also holding along the coasts of Chile and Peru. This clearly indicates a well developed version of La Nina filling the entire equatorial Pacific and down into Chile. But the overall cool intensity of that pool appears to have stabilized if not losing some of its intensity.
Hi-res 7 day Trend (12/6): Temps were warming dramatically along Chile and Peru reaching west to 140W with nary a sign of cooling over that area.
Hi-res Overview: (12/4) A stream of consistent cool water is well entrenched from Chile up to Peru and Ecuador then tracking west on the equator out to the dateline and west to New Guinea. But the trail of markedly cool anomalies previously imbedded in that flow is dissipating. Perhaps the peak of La Nina has been reached.
Nino1.2 Daily CDAS Index Temps: (12/7) Today's temps were on a slow rise to -0.761 after previously rising to a high of -0.650 on 11/15. This area has been on a seesaw rising trend since early October. Temps were previously down to -2.138 on 8/13. The longterm trend has been steady but quite cold since June.
Nino 3.4 Daily CDAS Index Temps: (12/7) Temps were steady today to -1.197 today after bottoming out at -1.654 on 11/3, beating the previous low of -0.945 on 9/22. The previous low before that was -0.733 on 9/10. Temps have been on a steady decline since 7/25. Overall the trend appears to be in a steep decline.
CFSV2 Forecast for Nino3.4 Sea Surface Temp (SST) Anomalies & Current SST Anomalies
SST Anomaly Projections
CFSv2 Uncorrected Data (12/7) Today the model indicates temps at -1.15 degs. The forecast depicts temps perhaps dipping to -1.35 degs in mid-Jan then beginning to rise, rebuilding up to -0.25 degs mid-July and stabilizing there. This is becoming a 2 year event in that even after temps return to 0/normal it will take 3-5 months for the upper level circulation to respond in kind.
IRI Consensus Plume: The Oct 21, 2020 Plume depicts temps are at -1.10 degs today, and are to hold into Dec, then moderating and starting to rise some to -0.89 by Jan 2021 and then neutral by June. Most models are suggesting a moderate to La Nina returning to Neutral in the late Spring. See chart here - link.
Atmospheric Coupling (Indicating the presence of El Nino in the atmosphere driven by the ocean):
Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) (negative is good, positive bad - this is a lagging indicator) (12/7): The daily index was rising to +15.15. The 30 day average was rising at +10.02. The 90 day average was rising some at 7.90. This index is a lagging indicator.
ESPI Index (like SOI but based on satellite confirmed precipitation. Positive and/or rising is good, negative and/or falling is bad): June -0.67, May -0.46, April 2020 -0.69, March -0.09, Feb +0.65, Jan +0.42, This index was steady positive Aug 2018 through Feb 2020, and now is steady negative, but only weakly so.
Pacific Decadal Oscillation
Per NOAAs index recent values: Jan 2018 +0.29, Feb -0.19, Mar -0.61, April -0.89, May -0.69, June -0.85, July -0.09, Aug -0.43, Sept -0.46, Oct -0.75, Nov -0.78, Dec -0.12, Jan 2019 -0.18, Feb -0.50 Mar -0.23, April +0.10, May +0.14, June -0.11, July +0.44, Aug -0.14, Sept +0.05, Oct -0.96, Nov -0.28, Dec +0.01, Jan 2020 -1.17, This continues to look like the warm phase of the PDO. No consistently solid negative readings have occurred since Feb 2014
The Washington/JISAO index (Jan-Dec): Jan 2018 +0.70. Feb +0.37, Mar -0.05, April +0.11, May +0.11, June -0.04, July +0.11, Aug +0.18, Sept +0.09. No real negative readings have occurred since Dec 2013
The PDO turned from a 16 year negative run (Jan 98-Feb 2014) in early 2014 and has been positive ever since (other than a few months of negative readings in Fall 2016, the result of a turn towards La Nina). Looking at the long term record, it is premature to conclude that we have in-fact turned from the negative phase (La Nina 'like') to the positive phase (El Nino 'like'), but the data strongly suggests that could be a possibility. By the time it is confirmed (4-5 years out), we will be well into it.
See imagery in the ENSO Powertool
External Reference Material: El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), Kelvin Wave
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Surf Height-Swell Height Correlation Table