Sunday, July 7, 2019
- Buoy 233 (Pearl Harbor Entrance)/ Buoy 239 (Lanai) Seas were 4.4 ft @ 15.4 secs with swell 3.0 ft @ 16.0 secs from 185 degrees.
- Buoy 106 (Waimea): Seas were 2.6 ft @ 14.3 secs with swell 1.0 ft @ 14.6 secs from 68 degrees.
- Buoy 46025 (Catalina RDG): Seas were 3.0 ft @ 13.7 secs with swell 1.7 ft @ 13.7 secs from 214 degrees. Wind at the buoy was south at 4 kts. Water temperature 63.5 degs. At Harvest (Buoy 071) primary swell was 3.9 ft @ 8.0 secs from 303 degrees. At Santa Monica (028) swell was 1.5 ft @ 14.7 secs from 216 degrees. At Camp Pendleton (043) swell was 1.1 ft @ 18.1 secs from 216 degrees. Southward at Pt Loma (191) swell was 2.1 ft @ 13.4 secs from 197 degrees.
- Buoy 46012 (Half Moon Bay)/029 (Pt Reyes): Seas were 8.9 ft @ 7.7 secs with swell 7.3 ft @ 6.7 secs from 316 degrees with southern hemi swell 2.0 ft @ 15.0 secs from 207 degrees. Wind at the buoy (013) was northwest at 23-29 kts. Water temp 49.3 degs (013) and 57.0 degs (042).
See Hi-Res Buoy Dashboards (bottom of the page)
Swell Classification Guidelines
Significant: Winter - Swell 8 ft @ 14 secs or greater (11+ ft faces) for 8+ hours (greater than double overhead).
Summer - Head high or better.
Advanced: Winter - Swell and period combination capable of generating faces 1.5 times overhead to double overhead (7-10 ft)
Summer - Chest to head high.
Intermediate/Utility Class: Winter - Swell and period combination generating faces at head high to 1.5 times overhead (4-7 ft).
Summer - Waist to chest high.
Impulse/Windswell: Winter - Swell and period combination generating faces up to head high (1-4 ft) or anything with a period less than 11 secs.
Summer - up to waist high swell. Also called 'Background' swell.
Surf Heights for Hawaii should be consider 'Hawaiian Scale' if period exceeds 14 secs.
On Sunday (7/7) in North and Central CA locally generated northwest windswell was producing waves at waist to chest high on the sets and mushed and wonky with northwest wind on it early and not very rideable. Protected breaks were waist to maybe chest high and soft and textured but relatively clean and rideable. At Santa Cruz surf was waist to maybe chest high on the peaks during sets and clean early and lined up but slow and weak. In Southern California/Ventura northwest windswell was producing waves at thigh to waist high on the sets and clean but weak and inconsistent. In North Orange Co background fading southern hemi swell was producing waves at waist high or so and heavily textured from south wind and crumbled. South Orange Country's best summertime breaks were chest high on the sets but soft and crumbled from south wind. North San Diego had surf at waist high and lined up but pretty textured from south winds and closed out from low tide early. Hawaii's North Shore was flat and clean. The South Shore was getting another New Zealand swell with set waves chest to maybe head high on the peak and clean and lined up but a little slow. The East Shore was getting Hurricane Barbara swell with waves shoulder high and lined up but nearly chopped from east trades.
See QuikCASTs for the 5 day surf overview or read below for the detailed view.
On Sunday (7/7) in California fading Secondary New Zealand swell was still producing some rideable surf at select breaks but generally weak. And swell from yet Another New Zealand Gale was starting to show on the buoys with period at 22 secs but size negligible. In Hawaii the same New Zealand swell was still hitting producing rideable surf. This swell originated from a broad gale that developed south of New Zealand while tracking east-northeast Fri-Mon (7/1) with up to 42 ft seas. And another smaller gale formed southeast of New Zealand Thurs-Fri (7/5) with up to 37 ft seas aimed northeast then redeveloped over the Central and Southeast Pacific Sat-Sun (7/7) generating up to 36 ft seas aimed east. And yet another gale is forecast developing Sun-Mon (7/8) with up to 39 ft seas aimed northeast. Quite a nice little pattern is occurring. But beyond no swell producing weather systems are forecast.
See all the details below...
SHORT- TERM FORECAST
Current marine weather and wave analysis plus forecast conditions for the next 72 hours
Over the next 72 hours no swell producing fetch is forecast other than local windswell (see below).
On Sunday (7/7) high pressure at 1024 mbs was 600 nmiles west of Central CA producing north winds nearshore at 20-25 kts over North CA producing windswell radiating south with 15 kt north winds along the Central CA coast in pockets just chopping things up. The remnants of Barbara were 600 nmiles east of the Hawaiian Islands generating a broad fetch of 15 up to 30 kts east winds generating more raw east windswell approaching the Islands. Mon (7/8) the gradient is to be fading over North CA as low pressure approaches from the Gulf of Alaska producing only a shallow area of north winds at 15-20 kts limited mainly to North CA nearshore waters early and getting smaller and weaker through the day while 15 kt north winds fade over Central CA waters offering only minimal support for windswell development mainly for North CA. The remnants of Barbara are to be moving into the Big Island of Hawaii producing northeast winds at 15-20 kts later producing raw local windswell mixing with preexisting groundswell and migrating over all the Islands overnight. On Tuesday (7/9) low pressure is to be just off the Pacific Northwest cutting off any high pressure off California with winds 10 kts over CA waters offering no windswell production potential. For Hawaii east winds from Barbara to be 15-20 kts over all the Islands fading to 15 kts later and turning southeast as the system moves west of the Islands. Wednesday (7/10) no windswell producing fetch is forecast for California as low pressure circulates along the Pacific Northwest Coast. No windswell is expected for Hawaii either with only scattered pockets of east winds at 15 kts remaining directly over the Islands from the tail end of Barbara.
North Pacific Animations: Jetstream - Surface Pressure/Wind - Sea Height - Surf Height
Tropical Depression Barbara On Sun (7/7) Tropical Depression Barbara was 600 nmiles east of the Big Island tracking west with winds 30 kts and fading with seas 13 ft. Only windswell was being generated now. Tropical Depression Barbara is to be nearly gone by Mon AM (7/8) with 20 kt winds from it's remnants 150 nmiles southeast of the Big Island and of no particular interest.
Hilo: On Sun (7/7) a mixture of windswell and ground swell from Barbara were with swell 5.3 ft @ 13.8 secs (6-7 ft) and expected to hold through the day. Windswell to peak on Mon (7/8) pushing 7 ft @ 11 secs in the afternoon (7-8 ft). A quick fade is forecast Tues AM (7/9) fading from 4.9 ft @ 9 secs (4.0 ft). Nothing is to be left by Wed AM (7/10). Swell Direction: 85-95 degrees
Tropical Storm Cosme: On Sun (7/7) Cosme was 1200 nmiles south of Pt Conception tracking northwest with winds 35 kts and seas 10 ft. Cosme is to continue on this track and not strengthening down to depression status in the evening and fading from there. No swell generation potential is forecast.
California Nearshore Forecast
On Sun (7/7) north winds to remain at 20 kts for North CA but 15 kts for Central CA nearshore waters. Mon (7/8) north winds to be fading from 15 kts for NCal and 10-15 kts for Central CA and down to 10-15 kts in pockets by late afternoon everywhere. Tues (7/9) light northwest winds are forecast 10 kts for all of North and Central CA. Wednesday (7/10) no real change is forecast. Thurs (7/11) north winds to be building from 15-20 kts early for Central CA pushing 15 kts in pockets for North CA late afternoon. Fri (7/12) north winds to be 20-25 kts for Central CA early and 15 kts for North CA building to 20 kts solid late afternoon for NCal. Sat (7/13) north winds to be 15-20 kts for North CA and 20-25 kts for Central CA focused on Pt Conception. Sun (7/14) the gradient is to be fading with north winds 10-15 kts for North Ca and 15-20 kts for Central CA with the strongest of those winds focused on Pt Conception.
Snow Models: http://www.stormsurf.com/mdls/menu_snow.html (Scroll down for resort specific forecasts).
On Sunday (7/7) a pre-existing trough under New Zealand was being reinforced by a broad area of 130 kt southwest winds pushing hard northeast under and east of New Zealand offering good support for gale development there. East of there the southern branch of the jet was gently sagging southeast and then ridging hard south into Antarctica over the Southeast Pacific near 130W actively suppressing support for gale development there. Over the next 72 hours starting Mon (7/6) the trough is to continue holding pretty solid southeast of New Zealand offering good support for gale development. But by Tues (7/9) the trough is to be weakening quickly no longer offering support for gale formation while a huge ridge pushes hard south into mainland Antarctica starting at 140W and points east of there and continuing into Wed (7/10). Beyond 72 hours starting Thursday (7/11) the jet is to continue weak and starting to fall southeast under New Zealand producing an anemic ridging pattern there and reaching east over the entirety of the South Pacific. Those southeast winds are to be sweeping east at 80-90 kts early Sat (7/13) and reaching the eastern edge of the California swell window on Sun (7/14) actively suppressing support for gale development. So long tern there's no troughs and therefore no support for gale development indicated.
Another solid gale traversed the Southwest and Central Pacific and swell from that one has already peaked in Hawaii and is starting to arrive in CA now (see New Zealand Gale below). And yet another small gale developed under New Zealand (see Another New Zealand Gale below).
Over the next 72 hours the main focus is to be the a gale tracking up the east coast of New Zealand (see Final New Zealand Gale below).
New Zealand Gale
A new gale started building south of New Zealand on Fri AM (6/28) producing 35-40 kt northwest winds over a large area and seas building to 25 ft at roughly 54S 155E aimed at the Ross Ice Shelf. By evening a solid fetch of 45-50 kt west-southwest winds were building aimed northeast with seas building from 37 ft at 55.5S 161E (SCal 218 degs and just barely shadowed by Tahiti, NCal 216 degs and unshadowed by Tahiti). On Sat AM (6/29) a broad fetch of 45-50 kt southwest winds were in-place pushing east with seas building to 41 ft at 56S 178.5E aimed east (SCal 212 degs and shadowed, 211 degs NCal and just barely shadowed). In the evening fetch held at 45 kts from the southwest over a broad area with seas 42 ft at 57S 170W aimed east-northeast (SCal 206 degrees and unshadowed, NCal 205 degs and shadowed). On Sun AM (6/30) the gale was easing east and aimed much better to the north with 35-40 kt south-southwest winds over a solid area and seas 38 ft at 55S 160W (SCal 203 degs and unshadowed, NCal 201 degs and shadowed). The gale tracked northeast in the evening with 30-35 kt south-southwest winds over a large area and 34 ft seas at 50.5S 151W aimed northeast (SCal 201 degs and unshadowed, NCal 198 degs and unshadowed). The gale faded fast on Mon AM (7/1) with 30-35 kt south winds over a tiny core and seas mainly from previous fetch fading from 30 ft at 48S 144W aimed northeast (197 degs SCal, 195 degs NCal). In the evening the gale faded out with seas fading from 26 ft at 50S 133W aimed northeast. Swell is in the water tracking northeast.
Hawaii: Swell fading some on Sun (7/7) fading from 2.0 ft @ 15-16 secs (3.0 ft). Dribbles on Mon (7/8) fading from 1.4 ft @ 14-15 secs (2.0 ft). A secondary pulse is possible on Tues (7/9) building to 2.2 ft @ 13 secs (3.0 ft) early. Swell Direction: 190 degrees moving to 175 degrees
Southern CA: Swell building on Sun (7/7) pushing 2.3 ft @ 20 secs later (4.5 ft). Swell solid on Mon (7/8) at 2.7 ft @ 18-19 secs (5.0 ft with set to 6.5 ft). Swell holding early Tues (7/9) at 3.0 ft @ 16-17 secs (4.5 ft with sets to 5.5 ft). Swell Direction: 202 degrees
North CA: Swell building on Sun (7/7) at 2.1 ft @ 20-21 secs (4.0-4.5 ft). Swell solid on Mon (7/8) at 2.5 ft @ 18-19 secs (4.5 ft with sets to 6.0 ft). Swell holding early Tues (7/9) at 2.8 ft @ 16-17 secs (4.5 ft with sets to 5.5 ft). Swell Direction: 200 degrees
Another New Zealand Gale
Yet another gale developed south of New Zealand on Thurs AM (7/4) producing 45-50 kt southwest winds and seas building from 33 ft just off the northern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf at 61S 176.5E. In the evening the gale lifting northeast with 45 kt southwest winds and seas building to 37 ft at 60.5S 1705W (207 degs SCal and not shadowed, 206 degs NCal and shadowed by Tahiti). The gale raced east on Fri AM (7/5) with 40 kts west winds producing 32 ft seas at 56S 164 aimed east-northeast (203 degs SCal and not shadowed, 202 degs NCal and shadowed). In the evening fetch rebuilt with 45 kt west winds aimed east and seas fading to 31 ft at 55S 162W aimed east-northeast (204 degs SCal and not shadowed, 202 degs NCal and just barely shadowed). This gale significantly rebuilt Sat AM (7/6) with 40-45 kt southwest winds and seas building to 34 ft at 51S 147.58W aimed northeast (197 degs SCal and not shadowed,196 degs NCal and unshadowed by Tahiti). In the evening the gale pushed east with 35 kts southwest winds over a large area with 40-45 kts southwest winds embedded in it with seas 37 ft at 51S 130.5W aimed east-northeast (187 degs SCal, 185 degs NCal). Fetch is to fade from 30-35 kts Sun AM (7/7) with seas fading from 34 ft at 50S 120W and no longer of interest (182 degs SCal, 179 degs NCal). Possible swell radiating northeast over a broad area.
Hawaii: Expect swell arrival on Thurs (7/11) building to 1.4 ft @ 20 secs later (2.5-3.0 ft). Swell building some through the day on Fri (7/12) reaching 2.1 ft @ 17 secs early afternoon (3.5 ft). Swell fading on Sat (7/13) dropping from 2.0 ft @ 15-16 secs early (3.0 ft). Residuals on Sun (7/14) fading from 1.6 ft @ 13-14 secs (2.0 ft). Swell Direction: 187 degrees
Southern CA: Expect swell arrival on Fri (7/12) evening pushing 1.3 ft @ 21-22 secs late (2.5 ft). Swell building on Sat (7/13) to 2.9 ft @ 19 secs at sunset (5.5 ft with sets to 7.0 ft). Swell to hold on Sun (7/14) at 3.1 ft @ 17-18 secs (5.0-5.5 ft with sets to 6.5 ft). Swell Direction: 195 degrees
North CA: Expect swell arrival on Fri (7/12) at sunset with period 22+ secs but not rideable. Swell building on Sat (7/13) to 2.2 ft @ 20 secs at sunset (4.5 ft with sets to 5.5 ft). Swell to hold on Sun (7/14) at 2.5 ft @ 18 secs early (4.5 ft with sets to 5.5 ft). Swell Direction: 193 degrees
Final New Zealand Gale
Yet another gale developed south of New Zealand on Sat AM (7/6) with 40-45 kt southwest winds and seas building from 33 ft at 59.5S 173.5E aimed east. This was just a primer gale serving only to rough up the oceans surface there. In the evening a new broad fetch of 40+ kt south-southwest winds built south of New Zealand with seas building quickly from 34 ft at 53S 166E aimed northeast (218 degs SCal and unshadowed by Tahiti, 217 degs NCal and unshadowed by Tahiti). The gale tracked northeast fast on Sun AM (7/7) with 40-45 kt southwest winds over a solid area and seas 38 ft at 50S 173.5E aimed northeast (218 degs SCal, 217 degs NCal). The gale is to continue lifting northeast in the evening with 40-45 kts southwest winds and seas 39 ft at 48S 179W aimed northeast (214 degs SCal and 213 degs NCal). The gale is to start pushing east and fading on Mon AM (7/8) with 40 kt west winds and seas 35 ft at 48S 165.5W aimed east-northeast (207 degs SCal and unshadowed, 204 degs NCal and shadowed). The gale is to fade from there. Something to monitor.
Hawaii: Expect swell arrival on Sat (7/13) building to 2.8 ft @ 19 secs late(5.0-5.5 ft). Swell holding on Sun (7/14) at 3.1 ft @ 17 secs early (5.0 ft). Swell Direction: 194 degrees
South Pacific Animations: Jetstream - Surface Pressure/Wind - Sea Height - Surf Height
Marine weather and forecast conditions 3-10 days into the future
Beyond 72 hours no swell producing weather systems are forecast.
Thursday (7/11) north winds to be 15+ kts mainly over Central CA no offering any windswell production. Light east trades to be east of Hawaii offering nothing. On Fri (7/12) north winds to be building in coverage over North CA at 15 kts and Central CA at 25 kts over Pt Conception offering limited windswell production capacity mainly for Central CA. Another stronger low pressure system is forecast tracking east through the Gulf of Alaska. Hawaii to have scattered pockets of east with at 15 kts offering only minimal support for east windswell production. On Sat (7/13) solid low pressure is to be moving into waters off the Pacific Northwest while high pressure holds off Central CA producing north winds at 20-25 kts limited to Bodega Bay southward producing windswell for mainly Central CA. No change for Hawaii. On Sun (7/14) low pressure is to start moving into British Columbia with north winds 15 kts over Central CA offering no real windswell production potential. Trades at 15 kts are to increase in coverage up to 1000 nmiles east of Hawaii possibly generating windswell there.
Beyond 72 hours no swell producing fetch of interest is forecast.
Equatorial Temps Continue Falling - La Nina Forecast
The Madden Julian Oscillation is a periodic weather cycle that tracks east along the equator circumnavigating the globe. It is characterized in it's Inactive Phase by enhanced trade winds and dry weather over the part of the equator it is in control of, and in it's Active Phase by slackening if not an outright reversing trade winds while enhancing precipitation. The oscillation occurs in roughly 20-30 day cycles (Inactive for 20-30 days, then Active for 20-30 days) over any single location on the planet, though most noticeable in the Pacific. During the Active Phase in the Pacific the MJO tends to support the formation of stronger and longer lasting gales resulting in enhanced potential for the formation of swell producing storms. Prolonged and consecutive Active MJO Phases in the Pacific help support the formation of El Nino. During the Inactive Phase the jet stream tends to split resulting in high pressure and less potential for swell producing storm development. Wind anomalies in the Kelvin Wave Generation Area (KWGA) are key for understanding what Phase the MJO is in over the Pacific. The KWGA is located on the equator from 135E-170W and 5 degs north and south (or on the equator from New Guinea east to the dateline). West wind anomalies in the KWGA suggest the Active Phase of the MJO in the Pacific, and east anomalies suggests the Inactive Phase. In turn the Active Phase strengthens and the Inactive Phase weakens the jetstream, which in turn enhances or dampens storm production respectively in the Pacific.The paragraphs below analyze the state of the MJO in the Pacific and provide forecasts for MJO activity (which directly relate to the potential for swell production).
Overview: La Nina started developing in early 2016, but westward displaced and generally weak. And by March 2017, it was gone with suspicious warming developing along South America and over the Galapagos to a point south of Hawaii. By May the atmosphere returned to a neutral configuration but then in July east anomalies started building in the KWGA and did not stop, with cold water upwelling over the the Nino1.2 and 3.4 areas, indicative of La Nina. A double dip La Nina was in control and continued through the Winter of 2017-2018. But warming started building along the South and Central American coast in early March 2018 associated with two upwelling Kelvin Waves, and continued trying to build over equatorial waters over the Summer and Fall, but not enough to declare El Nino and not coupled with the atmosphere. In January 2019, those warm waters were fading, but then rebuilt late in Feb associated with Kelvin Wave (#3). But as of early June warm water was fading and the outlook did not favor El Nino come Fall.
LONG-RANGE PACIFIC STORM AND SWELL GENERATION POTENTIAL FORECAST
Summer 2019 = 5.5 (California & Hawaii)
Rating based on a 1-10 scale: 1 being the lowest (small and infrequent surf conditions), 5 being normal/average, and 10 being extraordinary (frequent events of large, long period swells)
Rationale: Assuming the PDO has moved to the warm phase and that weak borderline El Nino condition continue, and assuming a weak ocean-atmospheric coupling holds and ocean temperature anomalies in Nino3.4 hold in the +0.8 deg range, there is good probability for slightly enhanced storm production in the South Pacific during the Northern Hemisphere Summer time months. There is slightly increased intensity in number of storm days and storm intensity, resulting in slightly increased odds for larger than normal swell, with increased duration and higher than normal period. This should be significantly better than the past 2 Summer seasons.
KWGA/Equatorial Surface Wind Analysis & Short-term Forecast (KWGA - Kelvin Wave Generation Area - The area 5 degrees north and south of the equator from 170W to 135E)
Analysis (TAO Buoys): As of (7/6) 5 day average winds were solidly from the east over the Eastern equatorial Pacific holding over the Central Pacific but a little weaker over the West Pacific/KWGA. Anomalies were weak easterly over the East equatorial Pacific turning light westerly over the Central Pacific and holding even lighter westerly over the KWGA.
1 Week Forecast (GFS Model): On (7/7) weak east anomalies were in the far West KWGA with a solid area of west anomalies on the dateline in the KWGA and east of there. The forecast is for light east anomalies in the extreme Western KWGA reaching east to 140E but steady west anomalies mainly filling the KWGA and at moderate status through 7/11 and holding at modest strength through the end of the model run on 7/14. There is to be steady gentle support for storm development over the next 7 days.
Kelvin Wave Generation Area wind monitoring model: West and East
Longer Range MJO/WWB Projections:
OLR Models: (7/6) A moderate Inactive MJO pattern was indicated over the West KWGA today. The statistic model indicates this Inactive MJO pattern is to hold 5 days out then fading some through day 10, then gone with a neutral pattern at day 15 of the model run. The dynamic model suggests the same pattern initially but with a Inactive Phase still very weakly over the far West Pacific at day 15. The 2 models are in sync other than the last 5 days.
Phase Diagrams 2 week forecast (ECMF and GEFS): (7/7) The statistical model depicts the Active Phase weak over Africa and it is forecast to push east into the Indian ocean and very week 2 weeks out. The GEFS model suggests the same thing.
40 day Upper Level Model (assumed to be a statistical model): (6/30) This model depicts a very weak Active Phase over the East Pacific today and is to push east into Central America on 7/12. A modest Inactive MJO signal is over the far West Pacific today pushing east slowly and stalled in the Central Pacific at the end of the model run 8/9. No clearly defined MJO pattern is to follow with a weak Active Phase is to set up in the Indian Ocean at the end of the model run.
4 Week CFS Model (850 mb wind): (7/6) This model depicts a weak Active MJO signal over the East Pacific today with a broad area moderate west anomalies filling the KWGA focused on the dateline but with weak east anomalies in the extreme Western KWGA to 150E. The forecast has this pattern holding through the end of the model run on 8/3 but with west anomalies fading some in velocity.
3 Month CFS Model (850 mb wind): (7/7) This model depicts a weak Active Phase just past it's prime over the KWGA with weak west anomalies mainly over the dateline and points east of there. The Active Phase and modest westerly anomalies are to hold over the dateline and east of there through 7/13, with the Inactive Phase trying to weakly develop on 7/17 but with west anomalies holding in the KWGA. The Inactive Phase is to dissipate on 8/8 with west anomalies slowly building. After that an Active Phase is forecast moving over the KWGA on 8/16 holding through 9/25 with modest west anomalies filling the entirety of the KWGA. An Inactive MJO is to be moving into the KWGA at the end of the model run on 10/4 with west anomalies holding in the KWGA. The low pass filter indicates a low pressure bias with 1 contour lines in control of the KWGA centered on the dateline reaching east to California. This single remaining contour line is to hold till 8/25 then dissipating and migrate west to the Indian Ocean at the same time and holding through the end of the model run. This model indicates that a weak El Nino pattern is to fade in late August and not return, moving towards the Indian Ocean, symptomatic of La Nina. Basically we are moving from a pattern biased towards El Nino to one biased towards ENSO neutral if not La Nina.
CFSv2 3 month forecast for 850 mb winds, MJO, Rossby etc - Alternate link
Subsurface Waters Temps
TAO Array: (7/7) Today in the far West Pacific water temps are 30 degs over a building area centered at 170E while the 29 deg isotherm was steady at 163W today. The 28 deg isotherm line was steady at 150W. The 24 deg isotherm previously pushed into Ecuador at 30 meters down, but retrograded to 105W last week, then again pushed into Ecuador down 20 meters on 6/25 and was holding today. Anomaly wise, gentle warm anomalies are filling the entire subsurface Pacific at +1 degs from the surface to 150 meters down (deepest on the dateline). There is a clear sense that warm subsurface water was building under the dateline with a small core to +2 degs suggesting another Kevin Wave was building. And +2 degs anomalies were in another pocket pushing into Ecuador. The hi-res GODAS animation posted 7/2 indicates warm water from Kelvin Waves #3 and #4 have formed a shrinking pocket of warm water under the Central equatorial Pacific from 160E to 125W at +1.0 degs above normal, and shrinking in coverage. A small pocket of cool water was drawing up from depth to the surface in the east at 100W. A previous stream of warm water flowing into the far West Pacific from the Maritime Continent was gone. The GODAS animation appears to be 1 week behind the TAO data but also is more detailed and accurately modeled.
Sea Level Anomalies: (7/2) No positive anomalies are indicated over the equatorial Pacific with neutral anomalies over the bulk of the equator and a small area of negative anomalies at -5 cms was over the Galapagos.
Surface Water Temps: The more warm water in the equatorial East Pacific means more storm production in the North Pacific during winter months (roughly speaking). Cold water in that area has a dampening effect. Regardless of what the atmospheric models and surface winds suggest, actual water temperatures are a ground-truth indicator of what is occurring in the ocean. All data is from blended infrared and microwave sensors.
Hi-res Nino1.2 & 3.4: (7/5) The latest images (1.2 3.4) indicate warm anomalies have vaporized from Peru up to Central America west to 120W. Weak warm anomalies were steady from 120W and points west of there to the dateline from 20S to 20N. Cooling is building along Peru and Chile and has been present for the past 2 weeks. There is no longer any indication of El Nino.
Hi-res 7 day Trend (7/6): A broad area of very weak cooling was along Peru up to the equator with stronger pockets from Ecuador west to 130W interspersed with a few tiny pockets of warming water. Interestingly, a solid stream of cool water was streaming west off Africa on the equator. This is a significant change from weeks previous suggesting a developing cooling trend, and at a global level.
Hi-res Overview: (7/6) Warmer than normal water was from Ecuador west over the Galapagos 20 degrees north of the equator and 10 degrees south of it continuing west of there to the dateline. But there is an area of developing cooling along and just off the Peruvian Coast and in pockets around the Galapagos west to 120W. And warm temps south of the equator from Peru west to 140W were quickly fading to nearly neutral. El Nino appears to be in retreat.
Nino1.2 Daily CDAS Index Temps: (7/7) Today's temps were falling at -0.887 degs, the lowest since April 14. Otherwise the trend has had temps at -0.500 degs since early June, and that down from a peak of +1.235 on 5/27.
Nino 3.4 Daily CDAS Index Temps: (7/7) Today temps were falling down at +0.211 today. The trend has been downward since early June.
CFSV2 Forecast for Nino3.4 SST Anomalies
SST Anomaly Projections
CFSv2 Uncorrected Data (7/7) The model indicates a cooling trend setting up with temps falling from +0.65 degs in early June falling steadily to 0.0 degs in mid-July and down to -0.25 Aug 1 holding through Oct. Temps to fall again in Nov to -0.50 degs, then rising in Jan reaching -0.1 degs by March 1. A weak La Nina pattern is to set up.
IRI Consensus Plume: The June 2019 Plume depicts temps are at +0.60 degs in June, and are to hold in the +0.70 range into November, then fading slightly to +0.65 in February 2020. See chart here - link.
Atmospheric Coupling (Indicating the presence of El Nino in the atmosphere driven by the ocean):
Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) (negative is good, positive bad) (7/7): The daily index was negative today at -14.77, mostly negative the last 22 days. The 30 day average was steady at -8.22. The 90 day average was falling some at -7.83, suggesting a neutral ENSO pattern biased towards El Nino (for now).
ESPI Index (like SOI but based on satellite confirmed precipitation. Positive and/or rising is good, negative and/or falling is bad): (April) +0.34, March +1.0, Feb +1.29, Jan +0.193. It is approaching El Nino territory but still indicted mostly ENSO neutral conditions.
Pacific Decadal Oscillation: The PDO is weakly positive, even though La Nina is in play.
Per NOAAs index recent values: June 2017 +0.21, July -0.50, Aug -0.62, Sept -0.25, Oct -0.61, Nov -0.45, Dec -0.13, Jan 2018 +0.29, Feb -0.19, Mar -0.61, April -0.89, May -0.69, June -0.85, July -0.09, Aug -0.43, Sept -0.46, Oct -0.75, Nov -0.78, Dec -0.12, Jan -0.23, Feb -0.55 This continues to look like the warm phase of the PDO, even with La Nina, because the warm PDO appears to be dampening the effects of La Nina. No consistently solid negative readings have occurred since Feb 2014
The Washington/JISAO index (Jan-Dec): June 2017 +0.79, July +0.10, Aug +0.09, Sept +0.32, Oct +0.05, Nov +0.15, Dec +0.50, Jan +0.70. Feb +0.37, Mar -0.05, April +0.11, May +0.11, June -0.04, July +0.11, Aug +0.18, Sept +0.09. No real negative readings have occurred since Dec 2013
The PDO turned from a 16 year negative run (Jan 98-Feb 2014) in early 2014 and has been positive ever since (other than a few months of negative readings in Fall 2016, the result of a turn towards La Nina). Looking at the long term record, it is premature to conclude that we have in-fact turned from the negative phase (La Nina 'like') to the positive phase (El Nino 'like'), but the data strongly suggests that could be a possibility. By the time it is confirmed (4-5 years out), we will be well into it.
See imagery in the ENSO Powertool
External Reference Material: El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), Kelvin Wave
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NBC News - Climate Change and Surfing: https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/climate-change-good-surfing-other-sports-not-so-much-ncna1017131
Stormsurf and Mavericks on HBO Sports with Bryant Gumbel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=luQSYf5sKjQ
Mavericks Invitational Pieces Featuring Stormsurf:
Time Zone Converter By
popular demand we've built and easy to use time convert that transposes
GMT time to whatever time zone you are located. It's ion left hand
column on every page on the site near the link to the swell calculator.
Surf Height-Swell Height Correlation Table