Tuesday, September 15, 2020
- Buoy 233 (Pearl Harbor Entrance)/Buoy 239 (Lanai): Seas were 2.7 ft @ 8.3 secs with swell 1.8 ft @ 8.6 secs from 181 degrees.
- Buoy 106 (Waimea): Seas were 2.3 ft @ 7.7 secs with swell 1.5 ft @ 7.9 secs from 95 degrees. Water temp 81.0 degs.
- Buoy 46025 (Catalina RDG): Seas were 2.1 ft @ 13.7 secs with swell 1.2 ft @ 13.6 secs from 231 degrees. Wind at the buoy was northwest at 4 kts. Water temperature 68.2 degs. At Harvest Buoy (071) primary swell was 1.4 ft @ 13.4 secs from 224 degrees. At Santa Monica (028) swell was 1.2 ft @ 13.5 secs from 217 degrees. At Oceanside (045) swell was 1.3 ft @ 13.3 secs from 194 degrees. Southward at Point Loma (191) swell was 1.5 ft @ 13.7 secs from 201 degrees.
- Buoy 46012 (Half Moon Bay)/029 (Pt Reyes): Seas were 2.8 ft @ 12.0 secs with swell 1.9 ft @ 12.5 secs from 248 degrees. Wind at the buoy (012) was northwest at 4-6 kts. Water temp 55.6 degs (013), 59.7 degs (SF Bar) and 57.2 degs (042).
See Hi-Res Buoy Dashboards (bottom of the page)
Swell Classification Guidelines
Significant: Winter - Swell 8 ft @ 14 secs or greater (11+ ft faces) for 8+ hours (greater than double overhead).
Summer - Head high or better.
Advanced: Winter - Swell and period combination capable of generating faces 1.5 times overhead to double overhead (7-10 ft)
Summer - Chest to head high.
Intermediate/Utility Class: Winter - Swell and period combination generating faces at head high to 1.5 times overhead (4-7 ft).
Summer - Waist to chest high.
Impulse/Windswell: Winter - Swell and period combination generating faces up to head high (1-4 ft) or anything with a period less than 11 secs.
Summer - up to waist high swell. Also called 'Background' swell.
Surf Heights for Hawaii should be consider 'Hawaiian Scale' if period exceeds 14 secs.
On Tuesday (9/15) in North and Central CA local northwest windswell was producing waves at thigh to almost waist high on the rare set and clean and lined up. Protected breaks were flat and clean mostly creaking on the beach. At Santa Cruz surf was rarely thigh high or so and clean and weak. In Southern California/Ventura waves were rarely thigh high plus and clean and weak and inconsistent. Central Orange County had set waves up to waist high coming from the south and clean but weak and mostly breaking on the beach. South Orange County's best summertime breaks had set waves rarely to waist to chest high and clean but soft. North San Diego had sets at thigh to barely waist high and clean and lined up and kinda peeling. Hawaii's North Shore was flat and clean. The South Shore was weak with southern hemi leftovers producing set waves at thigh to waist high and clean and soft. The East Shore was flat and textured from light east trades.
See QuikCASTs for the 5 day surf overview or read below for the detailed view.
On Tuesday (9/15) no meaningful locally generated windswell was occurring in North or Central CA or along the East Shores of the Hawaiian Islands. In California tiny leftover southern hemi swell was fading out at exposed breaks. Another southern hemi swell was radiating northeast having been generated by a gale that tracked under New Zealand Fri-Sat (9/12) with up to 43 ft seas aimed east. After that a bit of a break is forecast with maybe only one other system forecast tracking east in the deep Central and Southeast Pacific early next week with seas in the 32 ft range. Up north theoretically a gale is forecast forming in the far northwestern Gulf on Mon-Tues (9/22) with 31 ft seas aimed southeast. But that is more a fantasy than reality at this early date.
See all the details below...
SHORT- TERM FORECAST
Current marine weather and wave analysis plus forecast conditions for the next 72 hours
On Tuesday (9/15) no swell producing fetch was occurring and no swell was in the water.
Over the next 72 hours no swell producing fetch is forecast.
North Pacific Animations: Jetstream - Surface Pressure/Wind - Sea Height - Surf Height
No tropical system are being monitored.
California Nearshore Forecast
On Tuesday (9/15) weak low pressure was off the Pacific Northwest holding high pressure at bay along the California coast. South winds were over North CA at 5 kts early turning northwest at 5 kts later. For Central CA northwest winds are forecast at 5-10 kts all day. No windswell production is forecast. On Wed (9/16) light northwest winds are forecast all day at 10 kts or less but up to 15 kts near Pt Conception later. No windswell production is forecast. No change on Thurs (9/17) with the low off Cape Mendocino later. West to northwest winds 5-10 kts for North CA and northwest winds 10 kts for Central CA and up to 15 kts later towards Pt Conception. On Fri (9/18) the low is to fade and move over Cape Mendocino. West winds are forecast at 5 kts over North CA all day and 10-15 kts for Central CA. Light rain possible through the day for Cape Mendocino. On Sat (9/19) northwest winds and high pressure are to return with northwest winds 10 kts over North CA early building to 15-20 kts later and and 15-20 kts for Central CA focused on Pt Conception early building everywhere south of Pt Reyes later. On Sun (9/20) small raw northwest windswell is to return with north winds 20 kts for all of North CA early and 10-15 kts for Central CA holding up north early and fading to 10 kts for Central CA later. Mon (9/21) fetch is to be fading with northwest winds 15 kts limited to Pt Arena area early holding all day. No windswell production is forecast. Otherwise northwest winds are to be 5-10 kts. Tues (9/22) northwest winds are to be 15 kts all day for North and Central CA. No windswell production is forecast.
Total snow accumulation for the week for Squaw Valley, Sugar Bowl, Kirkwood and Mammoth at 0, 0, 0 and 0 inches respectively. Freezing level 14,000 ft or higher until 9/17 with it dropping to 12,500 ft and holding into early 9/18, then rising back to 14,000 ft. But near freezing temps are forecast steadily at 12,500 from now forward.
Snow Models: http://www.stormsurf.com/mdls/menu_snow.html (Scroll down for resort specific forecasts). Updated!
On Tuesday (9/15) the southern branch of the jet was pushing east at 150 kts tracking through the Southern Tasman Sea reaching to the southern tip of New Zealand sort of forming a trough there offering decent odds of support for gale development there, then falling southeast and over the Ross Ice Shelf near the Central South Pacific offering nothing there and east of there. Over the next 72 hours the trough under New Zealand is to push east with winds feeding it fading down to 140 kts on Wed AM (9/16) with support for gale development fading some and then gone on Thurs (9/17) as winds completely collapse in the trough. But another trough is to start building over the South Tasman Sea on Thurs AM (9/17) being fed by 160 kt winds pushing northeast and making to a point just southeast of New Zealand on Fri AM (9/18) perhaps again offering some support for gale development there then collapsing in the evening. Beyond 72 hours a ridge is to start building under New Zealand on Sat (9/19) with 170 kt winds pushing southeast reaching down to the Ross Ice Shelf shutting off support for gale development then sweeping east into Sun (9/20) filling the Southwest and South Central Pacific but lifting north to 60S late in the day perhaps opening a window for gale development with winds still 160 kts. That pocket of wind energy is to continue sweeping east aligned west to east on the 60S latitude line into early Tues (9/22) continuing to provide some support for gale development focused on the Southeast Pacific.
On Tuesday (9/15) swell from yet another New Zealand gale is tracking northeast towards Hawaii and California (see Stronger New Zealand Gale below).
Over the next 72 hours no swell producing weather systems are forecast.
Stronger New Zealand Gale
A new gale started building southwest of New Zealand on Fri PM (9/11) producing 45-50 kt west winds over a decent sized area with seas to 43 ft at 56.5S 158E.5 aimed east (218 degs SCal, 216 degs NCal and shadowed by NZ for HI). On Sat AM (9/12) west-southwest winds were pushing east over a decent sized area at 40-45 kts with seas 44 ft at 57.5S 169E aimed east (213 degs SCal and shadowed by Tahiti, 212 degs NCal and unshadowed, 197 degs HI). In the evening fetch was aimed better northeast at 35-40 kts with seas fading from 39 ft at 58S 180W aimed east-northeast (209 degs SCal and still shadowed, 208 degs NCal and shadowed by Tahiti, 192 degs HI). On Sun AM (9/13) fetch was fading from 30 kts over broad area aimed northeast with seas fading from 33 ft at 57S 170W aimed northeast (206 degs SCal and unshadowed, 205 degs NCal and still shadowed, 186 degs HI). The gale was gone after that. Some small swell is possible for California with tiny sideband swell for Hawaii.
Hawaii: Expect swell arrival on Fri (9/18) building to 1.0 ft @ 20-21 secs late (2.0 ft). Swell peaking on Sat (9/19) at 1.2 ft @ 18 secs mid-day (2.0 ft). Swell fading on Sun (9/20) fading from 1.1 ft @ 16 secs (1.5-2.0 ft). Swell Direction: 200 degrees
Southern CA: Expect swell arrival on Sun (9/20) building to 1.3 ft @ 20-21 secs later (2.5 ft). Swell building on Mon (9/21) to 1.6 ft @ 19 secs (3.0 ft). Swell continues on Tues (9/22) at 1.7 ft @ 17 secs mid-day (2.5-3.0 ft). Swell Direction: 213 degrees
North CA: Expect swell arrival on Sun (9/20) building to 1.2 ft @ 20-21 secs later (2.5 ft). Swell building on Mon (9/21) to 1.5 ft @ 19 secs (2.5-3.0 ft). Swell continues on Tues (9/22) at 1.7 ft @ 17-18 secs mid-day (3.0 ft). Swell Direction: 213 degrees
South Pacific Animations: Jetstream - Surface Pressure/Wind - Sea Height - Surf Height
Marine weather and forecast conditions 3-10 days into the future
Beyond 72 hours a low pressure system is forecast traversing the far North Pacific tracking just south of the Aleutian Islands starting Sat (9/19) producing a small area of 18-19 ft seas but not getting interesting till Mon AM (9/21) when the low is to fall southeast some over the Central Aleutians producing 40 kt northwest winds with seas building to 27 ft at 49.5N 175.5W aimed southeast. In the evening northwest winds to hold if not increase in coverage at 40 kts with seas building to 30 ft at 48.5N 168.5W aimed southeast. On Tues AM (9/22) the gael is to move into the Northern Gulf of Alaska producing 35-40 kt northwest winds with seas 31 ft at 46N 161.5W aimed southeast. This forecast seems a bit optimistic but it's worth monitoring.
Beyond 72 hours a fragmented weather system is forecast developing over the Central South Pacific on Mon AM (9/21) producing a broad area of seas at 26-29 ft aimed east near 55S 160W tracking east. In the evening seas to build to 30 ft and more consolidated at 55S 153W aimed east. More of the same is forecast Tues AM (9/22) with 31 ft seas at 55S 138W aimed east. A broader area of seas are forecast in the evening at 32 ft at 55S 130W aimed east. Something to monitor.
Cold Water Pool Firmly Entrenched Across Equatorial Pacific
The Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) is a periodic weather cycle that tracks east along the equator circumnavigating the globe. It is characterized in it's Inactive Phase by enhanced trade winds and dry weather over the part of the equator it is in control of, and in it's Active Phase by slackening if not an outright reversing trade winds while enhancing precipitation. The oscillation occurs in roughly 20-30 day cycles (Inactive for 20-30 days, then Active for 20-30 days) over any single location on the planet, though most noticeable in the Pacific. During the Active Phase in the Pacific the MJO tends to support the formation of stronger and longer lasting gales resulting in enhanced potential for the formation of swell producing storms. Prolonged and consecutive Active MJO Phases in the Pacific help support the formation of El Nino. During the Inactive Phase the jet stream tends to split resulting in high pressure and less potential for swell producing storm development. Wind anomalies in the Kelvin Wave Generation Area (KWGA) are key for understanding what Phase the MJO is in over the Pacific. The KWGA is located on the equator from 135E-170W and 5 degs north and south (or on the equator from New Guinea east to the dateline). West wind anomalies in the KWGA suggest the Active Phase of the MJO in the Pacific, and east anomalies suggests the Inactive Phase. In turn the Active Phase strengthens and the Inactive Phase weakens the jetstream, which in turn enhances or dampens storm production respectively in the Pacific.
And the El Nino/La Nino cycle (collectively know as ENSO - El Nino Southern Oscillation) is a less frequent (about once every 7 years) but more impactful cycle that affects world wide weather. Specifically, strong El Nino events promote storm production in the Pacific while La Nina events suppress storm production. These therefore have a significant impact on the production of swell and surf. The paragraphs below analyze the state of the MJO and ENSO in the Pacific and provide forecasts for upcoming activity (or inactivity depending on the state and interaction of these two oscillations).
Overview: A double dip La Nina was in control through the Winter of 2017-2018. But warming started building along the South and Central American coast in early March 2018 associated with two upwelling Kelvin Waves, and continued trying to build over equatorial waters over the Summer and Fall, but not enough to declare El Nino and not coupled with the atmosphere. In January 2019, those warm waters were fading, but then rebuilt late in Feb associated with Kelvin Wave (#3). But as of early June 2019 warm water was fading and by August a tongue of cool water was tracking west on the equator from Ecuador over the Galapagos reaching to a point nearly south of Hawaii. El Nino was dead. A bit of a recovery occurred during Fall of 2019, with weak warm water building in the Nino 1.2 region, but cool water held in a pool off Peru and had not changed until March 2020. By April the cool pool pushed east and by May subsurface cool waters erupted off Ecuador, forming a well defined cool tongue that looked like the start of La Nina, holding into July 2020.
LONG-RANGE PACIFIC STORM AND SWELL GENERATION POTENTIAL FORECAST
Fall/Winter 2020/2021 = 3.0/3.5 (California & Hawaii)
Rating based on a 1-10 scale: 1 being the lowest (small and infrequent surf conditions), 5 being normal/average, and 10 being extraordinary (frequent events of large, long period swells)
Rationale: It is assumed the PDO has moved to the warm phase in 2014 and that a weak borderline El Nino from 2018 faded out in the Fall of 2019. A La Nina like ocean temperature pattern developed in the equatorial East Pacific in the summer of 2019, then faded and returned to a neutral if not weak warm status during the Winter of 2019-2020 only to return stronger in the Summer of 2020. We have been suspecting a turn towards a La Nina like atmospheric pattern to develop in the late Winter/early Spring of 2020. Our best hope is that moderation from the warm phase of the PDO might tamp down development of a full blown La Nina as we move into 2020. But at this time that does not appear likely. Given all that, for the 2020 there is decent probability for development of La Nina meaning a reduced number of storm days and storm intensity during the summer season, resulting in a below normal level of swell, with swell being below normal duration and period. And by the Fall and early Winter of 2020/21, the number of storm days, intensity and duration of those storms should fade even more, resulting in depressed swell production. This pattern is expected to hold through the Spring of 2021.
KWGA/Equatorial Surface Wind Analysis & Short-term Forecast (KWGA - Kelvin Wave Generation Area - The area 5 degrees north and south of the equator from 170W to 135E)
Analysis (TAO Buoys): As of (9/14) 5 day average winds were strong from the east over the Eastern equatorial Pacific continuing over the Central Pacific and then moderate to strong from the east over the KWGA. Anomalies were modest east over the East equatorial continuing over the Central Pacific and then building to moderate easterly over the KWGA. (Note: These are 5 day average winds, so they lag what is happening today by about 2 days).
1 Week Forecast (GFS Model): On (9/15) strong east anomalies were filling the KWGA today extending east to a point south of Hawaii on the equator. The forecast calls for east anomalies holding at strong status filling the KWGA through 9/20 and also building at strong status over the entirety of the equatorial Pacific to a point south of California starting 9/16 though 9/20. After that east anomalies are to start fading in KWGA at weak status and also over the rest of the equatorial Pacific but with east anomalies developing at moderate status into Ecuador. Support for energy transfer into the jet is weak and is expected to continue that way if not weakening for at least the next week.
Kelvin Wave Generation Area wind monitoring model: West and East
- Longer Range MJO/WWB Projections:
OLR Models: (9/14) No MJO signal (Active or Inactive) was over the KWGA nor anywhere on the planet. The statistic model indicates a weak Active MJO pattern developing in the KWGA on day 5 and building in coverage filling the KWGA moderately at day 15. The dynamic model suggests the same thing but with the Active Phase fading out on day 15.
Phase Diagrams 2 week forecast (ECMF and GEFS): (9/15) The statistical model depicts the Active Phase was exceedingly weak over the West Maritime Continent today and is to weakly track east into the far West Pacific holding at weak status at day 15. The GEFS model suggests the same thing but maybe the Active Phase a little stronger though still at weak status on day 15.
40 day Upper Level Model (assumed to be a statistical mode and 1 week ahead of what is occurring at the surface): (9/14) This model depicts a modest Inactive MJO phase was filling the equatorial Pacific today. The forecast suggest the Inactive Phase is to track east and push into Central America by 9/29. A weak to modest Active pattern is to traverse the Pacific 9/24-10/19 having some limited benefit to storm production. A new moderate Inactive Phase of the MJO is to start building over the Maritime Continent 10/14 and filling the KWGA 10/19 through the end of the model run on 10/24.
4 Week CFS Model (850 mb wind): (9/14) This model depicts no coherent MJO signal today with moderate to strong east anomalies filling the KWGA and all of the equatorial Pacific. The forecast indicates no MJO is forecast for the future but with moderate to strong east anomalies in control of the KWGA through the end of the model run on 10/12 though at weak status 9/21-9/25. Overall a long run of easterly anomalies are forecast in the KWGA.
3 Month CFS Model (850 mb wind): (9/15 - using the 4th/latest ensemble member): This model depicts a fading Inactive MJO over the KWGA today and is to track east and out of the KWGA on 9/19 producing moderate east anomalies firmly controlling the KWGA and the equatorial Pacific. A weak Active Phase of the MJO is forecast to follow trying to organize in the west on 9/17 but fading 9/27 only to return 10/11 coherently traversing the KWGA through 11/10 producing modest west anomalies mainly in the western 70% of the KWGA with solid east anomalies holding east of the dateline. A weak Inactive Phase is to follow 11/3 tracking east through the end of the model run on 12/13 but with moderate west anomalies taking control of the KWGA with east anomalies gone from the KWGA over the equatorial Pacific. The low pass filter indicates a high pressure bias is firmly in control over the dateline today reaching east to a point south of California and is to hold in coverage through the end of the model run with a second contour set up on 9/14 on the dateline holding through the end of the model run. The western edge of the high pressure bias is to be slowly moving east through the period positioned midway through the KWGA at 160E at the end of the model run. A single contour low pressure bias is over the Indian Ocean today and is to build in coverage through the end of the model run while its eastern periphery eases east to 150E. But it is to show no signs of weakening nor with its core moving east. East anomalies that have been previously solid in the Indian Ocean for over a year are migrating east through the West Pacific today and should continue tracking east then stabilizing setting up over the East Pacific late Sept and holding for the foreseeable future. The trend is turning towards La Nina.
CFSv2 3 month forecast for 850 mb winds, MJO, Rossby etc - Alternate link
Subsurface Waters Temps
TAO Array: (9/14) Today in the far West Pacific the 30 deg isotherm was gone. The 29 deg isotherm was backtracking to 168E today. The 28 deg isotherm line was backtracking to 177W today. The 24 deg isotherm was backtracking to 135W today. Anomaly wise, warm anomalies +0-1 deg C were steady and stationary in the West Pacific reaching east to only 170W but no further. There was a large pocket of cooler anomalies at -2 degs filling the entire area east of there and bubbling up to the surface over that entire area. The hi-res GODAS animation posted 9/10 indicates the cool water bubble at depth was stronger and larger erupting to the surface from 160W eastward to Ecuador with a core to -4.5C but with cool anomalies even west to there to 170E. No warm anomalies were below the surface or at the surface east of the dateline. The GODAS animation appears to be 1 week behind the TAO data but also is more detailed and accurately modeled.
Sea Level Anomalies: (9/10) Negative anomalies were forming a wave pushing west from the Galapagos to 160W with negative anomalies -5 to -15 cms. Negative anomalies were weak but still present along the coast of Peru up into Ecuador at -5 cms and then reaching north up to Baja and into Southern CA. No positive anomalies were over the equatorial Pacific, except west of the dateline.
Surface Water Temps
The more warm water in the equatorial East Pacific means more storm production in the North Pacific during winter months (roughly speaking). Cold water in that area has a dampening effect. Regardless of what the atmospheric models and surface winds suggest, actual water temperatures are a ground-truth indicator of what is occurring in the ocean. All data is from blended infrared and microwave sensors.
Hi-res Nino1.2 & 3.4: (9/14) The latest images indicate cold anomalies were on the equator from Ecuador west to the dateline and consistent in density over that entire and large area. Markedly cold anomalies were imbedded in that area between the Galapagos to 135W. Cool anomalies were also holding along the coasts of Chile and Peru. This clearly indicates a well developed version of La Nina. Warm water was all but gone off Central America north of the equator. Overall the cool pool on the equator was unmistakable and starting to show signs of rebuilding after previously being stalled.
Hi-res 7 day Trend (9/14): A weak cooling trend was positioned from just west of Ecuador over the Galapagos and west to 145W, but weaker than days past. Multiple pockets of warming were interspersed from Ecuador to 140W suggesting the current cooling burst is starting to weaken.
Hi-res Overview: (9/14) A stream of consistent cool water is well entrenched from Peru up to Ecuador then tracking west on the equator out to the dateline. A clear La Nina signal is depicted.
Nino1.2 Daily CDAS Index Temps: (9/15) Today's temps were steady at -1.779 degs after previously reaching a momentary low of -2.138 on 8/13. The trend has been steady but quite cold June.
Nino 3.4 Daily CDAS Index Temps: (9/15) Temps were stable today at -0.729 after reaching a new low of -0.733 on 9/10. Temps have been on a steady decline since 7/25. Before that temps were stable between 6/27-7/24 at near 0.0. And before that temps were rising after bottoming out down at -0.595 on 5/27. Overall the trend appears to be in a steep decline.
CFSV2 Forecast for Nino3.4 Sea Surface Temp (SST) Anomalies & Current SST Anomalies
SST Anomaly Projections
CFSv2 Uncorrected Data (9/15) Actual temperatures were in the +0.65 deg range early this year through March, then started falling down to -0.20 in late-May before stabilizing near neutral into late June. They began falling again in July down to -0.75 mid-Aug. The forecast depicts a steady downward trend from here reaching down to -1.65 degs in late Oct holding in Nov then beginning to rise in later Dec, rebuilding up to -0.15 degs in late April. We think the dynamic models might be overstating the magnitude of the coming cooling trend for the equatorial Pacific, but maybe not too much.
IRI Consensus Plume: The August 21, 2020 Plume depicts temps are at -0.52 degs today, and are to fall in early Nov to -0.60 degs then moderating and starting to rise some to -0.35 by Jan 2021 and then neutral by March. The low outlier is a dynamic models (NASA GMAO). But a good plethora of models are now suggesting a developing modest La Nina. See chart here - link.
Atmospheric Coupling (Indicating the presence of El Nino in the atmosphere driven by the ocean):
Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) (negative is good, positive bad) (9/15): The daily index was positive today at 7.67. The 30 day average was rising to +9.41. The 90 day average was rising to 4.33, suggesting a neutral ENSO pattern was in control and trending towards La Nina. This index is a lagging indicator.
ESPI Index (like SOI but based on satellite confirmed precipitation. Positive and/or rising is good, negative and/or falling is bad): June -0.67, May -0.46, April 2020 -0.69, March -0.09, Feb +0.65, Jan +0.42, This index was steady positive Aug 2018 through Feb 2020, and now is steady negative, but only weakly so.
Pacific Decadal Oscillation
Per NOAAs index recent values: Jan 2018 +0.29, Feb -0.19, Mar -0.61, April -0.89, May -0.69, June -0.85, July -0.09, Aug -0.43, Sept -0.46, Oct -0.75, Nov -0.78, Dec -0.12, Jan 2019 -0.18, Feb -0.50 Mar -0.23, April +0.10, May +0.14, June -0.11, July +0.44, Aug -0.14, Sept +0.05, Oct -0.96, Nov -0.28, Dec +0.01, Jan 2020 -1.17, This continues to look like the warm phase of the PDO. No consistently solid negative readings have occurred since Feb 2014
The Washington/JISAO index (Jan-Dec): Jan 2018 +0.70. Feb +0.37, Mar -0.05, April +0.11, May +0.11, June -0.04, July +0.11, Aug +0.18, Sept +0.09. No real negative readings have occurred since Dec 2013
The PDO turned from a 16 year negative run (Jan 98-Feb 2014) in early 2014 and has been positive ever since (other than a few months of negative readings in Fall 2016, the result of a turn towards La Nina). Looking at the long term record, it is premature to conclude that we have in-fact turned from the negative phase (La Nina 'like') to the positive phase (El Nino 'like'), but the data strongly suggests that could be a possibility. By the time it is confirmed (4-5 years out), we will be well into it.
See imagery in the ENSO Powertool
External Reference Material: El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), Kelvin Wave
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NBC News - Climate Change and Surfing: https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/climate-change-good-surfing-other-sports-not-so-much-ncna1017131
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Surf Height-Swell Height Correlation Table