Swell Classification Guidelines
Significant: Winter - Swell 8 ft @ 14 secs or greater (11+ ft faces) for 8+ hours (greater than double overhead).
Summer - Head high or better.
Advanced: Winter - Swell and period combination capable of generating faces 1.5 times overhead to double overhead (7-10 ft)
Summer - Chest to head high.
Intermediate/Utility Class: Winter - Swell and period combination generating faces at head high to 1.5 times overhead (4-7 ft).
Summer - Waist to chest high.
Impulse/Windswell: Winter - Swell and period combination generating faces up to head high (1-4 ft) or anything with a period less than 11 secs.
Summer - up to waist high swell. Also called 'Background' swell.
On Saturday (5/17) in North and Central CA local north windswell was waist high on the sets and a crumbled mess with modest northwest winds early. Down in Santa Cruz minimal southern hemi swell was producing waves at thigh to waist high at best breaks and clean with overcast. In Southern California up north surf was flat and textured early. Down south southern hemi swell was producing waves in the chest high.cgius range on the sets but heavily textured with southerly wind in control. Hawaii's North Shore was flat and clean. The South Shore was getting solid southern hemi swell with sets 1-2 ft overhead and clean early. Exposed breaks on the East Shore were also in the waist high range coming from the north and lightly chopped from easterly trades.
See QuikCASTs for the 5 day surf overview or read below for the detailed view.
No swell producing fetch is occurring or forecast for the North Pacific other than local windswell. Down south swell from a tiny gale that tracked through the Central South Pacific on Thurs-Fri (5/9) with 36 ft seas aimed northeast was arriving in SCal on Sat (5/17), but very small. A broader system developed east of New Zealand Thurs-Sun (5/11) with 32 ft seas pushing decently to the northeast. Swell was hitting HI nicely on Sat (5/17) a little bigger than expected and is expected into CA on Sun-Mon (5/19). Yet another gale developed south of New Zealand early Wed (5/14) with seas to 39 ft aimed east then quickly faded. More small swell for Tahiti, Hawaii (Wed 5/21) and the US West Coast (Sat 5/24). Another small system is projected under New Zealand on Sun (5/18) with 40 ft seas aimed east. Another very weak gale is forecast for the same area Tues (5/20) with 34 ft seas and yet a third on Thurs (5/22) with 53 ft seas. All to push east and be small in coverage. Lot's of background swell for Hawaii over to the mainland, but nothing more size-wise unless you head to the South Pacific.
SHORT- TERM FORECAST
Current marine weather and wave analysis.cgius forecast conditions for the next 72 hours
Surface Analysis - On Saturday (5/17) no swell producing weather systems were occurring. Trades were 15 kts east of Hawaii but are expected to fade by Sunday. No windswell of interest is expected there. North winds were trying to get a foothold over the Central California coast but the core was di.cgiaced over Pt Conception (20 kts). No real windswell was resulting. Over the next 72 hours high pressure is to start organizing off Central California with north winds starting to build along the Central CA coast, strongest over Cape Mendocino later Tues (5/20) at 25 kts with local windswell finally starting to take root. Trades to remain light for Hawaii.
North Pacific Animations: Jetstream - Surface Pressure/Wind - Sea Height - Surf Height
No tropical systems of interest were being monitored or forecast.
California Nearshore Forecast
On Saturday AM (5/17) high pressure at 1022 mbs was building off the Central Coast with 15 kt north winds in control from Cape Mendocino down to Pt Conception building to 20 kts over Pt Conception. Southern CA was protected and under a brisk eddy flow (south winds). Northwest winds to build to 20-25 kts later Sat (5/18) over Pt Conception but not building to the north (holding in the north at 15 kts). The same pattern is forecast Sunday and Monday with strongest winds focused down on Pt Conception. On Tuesday the fetch is to consolidate to the north as new high pressure at 1028 mbs builds off Central CA with north winds to near 25 kts building over Cape Mendocino then building in coverage up there on Wednesday while relinquishing coverage over southern Central CA. Southern CA to remain protected. The Cape Mendocino gradient producing 25 kt north winds is expected to start fading on Thursday with an eddy flow (south winds) taking over Central CA. By Friday (5/23) the gradient is to start sinking south covering all of Central and North CA with 15-20 kt northwest winds, then building in strength and coverage on Sat (5/24) at 20+ kts. SCal to remain protected.
Jetstream - On Saturday (5/17) the jetstream was .cgiit with the two streams running parallel across the South Pacific. The southern branch was running more or less flat from south of New Zealand into the Southeast Pacific on roughly the 57S latitude line. A pocket of 100 kt winds was developing southwest of New Zealand trying to form a weak trough, with barely enough wind energy there to perhaps offer some fuel to support gale development. Over the next 72 hours the trough under New Zealand is to push east with winds 110 kts pushing up into it offering minimal support for gale development there into Mon (5/19). Beyond 72 hours new wind energy is to start building south of New Zealand on Tues (5/20) with 130 kt winds possibly fueling gale development with another pulse of winds energy in the same.cgiace on Thurs (5/22) again with 120 kts winds forecast. A broad trough is to be in.cgiace under New Zealand and still holding into the weekend but with lesser winds forecast. More support for gale development possible. To the east the jet is to start ridging south on Tues (5/20) crashing into Antarctica through the weekend (5/24) offering no support for gale development. The focus is to be the Southwest Pacific.
Surface Analysis - On Saturday (5/17) swell from a gale that developed in the Southeast Pacific Thurs AM (5/8) was pushing up towards all of California (see Another Southeast Pacific Gale below). And a storm formed in the Southwest Pacific, the first of the season, on Thurs-Fri (5/9) (See 1st Southwest Pacific Storm below). Another gale formed under New Zealand on Wed (5/14) (see 2nd New Zealand Gale below). And yet a third system is forecast over the next 72 hours (see 3rd New Zealand Storm below). The issue all are generally small with fetch pushing mainly east rather than northeast. The good news more are forecast for this area over the next 72 hours.
Over the next 72 hours another small gale is forecast developing just southeast of New Zealand on Tues (5/20) with 40 kt west winds and seas peaking at 34 ft over a small area at 55S 177W at 12Z. Some degree of minimal fetch and 30 ft seas to traverse the South Pacific through Wed PM (5/21). Small background swell is possible for all locations but unremarkable.
Another Southeast Pacific Gale
And yet another gale developed in the Southeast Pacific Thurs AM (5/8) producing a small area of 45 kt southwest winds and starting to get traction on the oceans surface. By evening 45-50 kt west-southwest winds were blowing with seas building to 35 ft over a small area at 59S 147W (194 degs SCal, 192 degs NCal). 45 kt southwest winds held into Fri AM (5/9) with 36 ft seas at 55S 134W (189 degs SCal, 187 degs NCal). By evening fetch was fading from 35-40 kts with seas dropping from 32 ft at 54S 121W (181 degs SCal, 180 degs NCal). Some degree of rideable southern hemi swell is expected into Southern CA.
Southern CA: Expect swell arrival starting Sat AM (5/17) with swell 1.6 ft @ 17-18 secs (2.8 ft faces) then fading Sunday (5/18) from 1.5 ft @ 15-16 secs (2.0 ft) and getting absorbed into a new swell from the southwest. Swell Direction: 194 degrees.
1st Southwest Pacific Gale
On Thurs PM (5/8) a storm started developing under New Zealand with 50 kt southwest winds pushing east with 32 ft seas building at at 59S 179E (192 degs HI, 208 degs NCal and in the core Tahitian shadow, 209 degs SCal and about to move east of the shadow). The storm faded to gale status Fri AM (5/9) with winds down to 40-45 kts in the west quadrant and seas fading from 34 ft at 60S 174W aimed more east than up into our forecast area (188 degs HI, 204 degs NCal and almost east of the shadow, 205 degs SCal and unshadowed). Of more interest was a secondary fetch of 40 kt southwest winds that developed just southeast of New Zealand Friday evening with 28-30 ft seas building over a moderate area with the north most extent near 50S 177W (192 degs HI, 212 degs NCal and unshadowed, 213 degs SCal and shadowed) and aimed decently to the northeast. 40 kt southwest winds held into Sat AM (5/10) with 30-32 ft seas at 46S 170W (188 degs HI, 210 degs NCal and just barely shadowed, 212 degs SCal and shadowed) with 31 ft seas south of it at 58S 170W (186 degs HI, 204 degs NCal and still barely shadowed, 206 degs SCal and clear). 35-40 kt southwest winds continued in the evening with seas fading but still 32 ft and covering a solid area with its core at 57S 160W (181 degs HI, 202 degs NCal, 203 degs SCal). This system was fading after that with perhaps 32+ ft seas Sun AM (5/11) at 53S 153W and bypassing any route to Hawaii and on the 198 degree path to NCal and the 199 degree path to SCal. This system dissipated after that. A modest and long lasting pulse of the first southwest swell of the season could result for Tahiti, Hawaii and the US West Coast.
Hawaii: Swell continuing on Sat AM (5/17) at 2.6 ft @ 15-16 secs (4.0 ft with sets to 5.0 ft). Interesting but data from Buoy 165 suggests swell was 3.5 ft @ 16.1 secs (6 ft) with bigger sets. Swell starting to fade after that but still 2.6 ft @ 14-15 secs (3.5-4.0 ft) Sun AM (5/18). Swell fading Monday from 2.3 ft @ 14 secs (3 ft). Swell Direction: 190 degrees
Southern CA: Expect swell arrival on Sun afternoon (5/18) pushing 1.4 ft @ 18 secs (2.5 ft). Swell building Mon AM (5/19) pushing 2.3 ft @ 17 secs late (3.5-4.0 ft) holding Tues (5/20) at 2.6 ft @ 16 secs early (4 ft with sets to 5 ft). Residuals on Wed (5/21) at 2 ft @ 14-15 secs (2.5-3.0 ft). Swell Direction: 204-210 degrees
North CA: Expect swell arrival on on Sun afternoon (5/18) pushing 1.5 ft @ 18 secs (2.5 ft). Swell building Mon AM (5/19) pushing 2.3 ft @ 17 secs later (3.5-4.0 ft) holding Tues (5/20) at 2.3 ft @ 16 secs early (3.5-4.0 ft). Residuals on Wed (5/21) at 1.6 ft @ 14-15 secs (2.0-2.5 ft). Swell Direction: 203-209 degrees
2nd New Zealand Gale
On Tues PM (5/13) a gale quickly developed under New Zealand generating a solid area of 45 kt west winds with seas responding quickly pushing up to 36 ft at 59S 170E (196 degs HI, 212 degree SCal and shadowed, 211 degs NCal and not quite shadowed). By Wed AM (5/14) winds were fading from 45 kts but lifting a bit to the northeast with seas 38 ft at 57S 178E (193 degs HI, 210 degs SCal and shadowed by Tahiti, 209 degs NCal and shadowed. By evening fetch was fading from 35 kts with seas fading from 32 ft at 54S 172W (189 degs HI, 208 degs SCal and shadowed, 207 degs NCal and shadowed). Small southwest swell is in the water pushing towards Tahiti, Hawaii but not aimed ideally. A better angle is expected for California but distance/decay and the Tahitian swell shadow will take it's toll.
Hawaii: Expect swell arrival in the early hours of Wed (5/21) with swell building through the day pushing 1.4 ft @ 17-18 secs later (2.5 ft with some bigger sets). Swell fading on Thurs (5/22) from 1.3 ft @ 16 secs (2 ft). Swell Direction 190-194 degrees
Southern CA: Expect swell arrival on Fri (5/23) with swell 1.6 ft @ 18-19 secs (2.5-3.0 ft) building slightly into Sat (5/24) at 2.1 ft @ 17 secs (3 ft) early. Swell Direction: 209-211 degrees
Northern CA: Expect swell arrival on Fri (5/23) with swell 1.5 ft @ 19 secs (2.5 ft) building slightly into Sat (5/24) at 1.8 ft @ 17 secs (3 ft). Swell Direction: 208-210 degrees
3rd New Zealand Storm
A small storm is forecast tracking under the southern tip of New Zealand on Sat PM (5/17) with west winds 55 kt over a small area aimed slightly northeasterly with seas building to 42 ft at 52S 162E (HI - shadowed by New Zealand, 220 degs SCal and unshadowed, 218 degs NCal and unshadowed). 50 kt southwest winds to hold into Sun AM (5/18) with 39 ft seas at 52S 177E (HI 196 degs, SCal 215 degs, NCal 214 degs and not shadowed). 40-45 kt southwest winds to hold into the evening with 36 ft seas holding at 53S 172W and aimed decently northeastward (190 degs HI, 210 degs SCal and 209 degs NCal and becoming shadowed). 35 kt southwest winds to be fading into Mon AM (5/19) with seas fading from 32 ft at 53S 161W (HI 182 degs, 204 degs SCal, 203 degs NCal and shadowed). This system to fade thereafter.
Assuming all goes as forecast a decent little pulse of swell is possible for Hawaii arriving roughly Sun (5/25) with period 18 secs and the US West Coast arriving roughly Tues (5/27) with period 18 secs.
South Pacific Animations: Jetstream - Surface Pressure/Wind - Sea Height - Surf Height
Marine weather and forecast conditions 3-10 days into the future
Beyond 72 hours high pressure is to hold off the North CA coast with the usual summer-time pressure gradient over Cape Mendocino through Wed (5/21) at 25 kts producing rideable north windswell, then starting to fade Thursday (20 kts). The gradient to rebuild over all of Central CA Sat (5/24) at 20+ kts meaning more north short period windswell for exposed breaks but with poor conditions there. Nothing remarkable.
Note: The Madden Julian Oscillation is a periodic weather cycle that tracks east along the equator circumnavigating the globe. It is characterized in it's Inactive Phase by enhanced trade winds and dry weather over the part of the equatorial Pacific it is in control of, and in it's Active Phase by slack if not an outright reversal of trade winds and enhanced precipitation. The oscillation occurs in roughly 20-30 day cycles (Inactive for 20-30 days, then Active for 20-30 days) over any single location on the.cgianet. During the Active Phase in the Pacific the MJO tends to support the formation of stronger and longer lasting gales resulting in enhanced potential for the formation of swell producing storms. During the Inactive Phase the jet stream tends to .cgiit resulting in high pressure and less potential for swell producing storm development. The paragraphs below analyze the state of the MJO in the Pacific and provide forecasts for MJO activity (which directly relate to the potential for swell production).
As of Saturday (5/17) the daily Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) was up at 15.42. The 30 day average was up slightly at 1.59 and the 90 day average was rising slightly at -3.04. The near term trend based on the 30 day SOI was indicative of a neutral Phase of the MJO. The longer term pattern was indicative of a neutral Phase of the MJO turning slightly Active. The SOI tends to be a lagging indicator running a week behind surface level weather trends.
Current equatorial surface wind analysis indicates that weak to modest west anomalies continue over the Eastern Maritime Continent reaching to the dateline. Neutral anomalies continued east of there extending to a point south of Hawaii continuing neutral over the Galapagos Islands. A week from now (5/24) light east anomalies are forecast over the Maritime Continent reaching to the dateline, and continuing to a point south of Hawaii then trending neutral from there over the Galapagos and into Central America. In all this suggests the Inactive Phase of the MJO was gone over the dateline with a neutral pattern trending slightly Active developing in that location. The issue with this past Inactive Phase is that it's easterly anomalies shut down the transport mechanism to move warm water to the east. This is the first stoppage of warm water transport since the beginning of the year, which in and of itself is remarkable 94 solid months of westerly anomalies). Still there is concern that this break in westerly anomalies will cut the legs off the evolving warm water pool in the East Pacific. Westerly anomalies need to redevelop in the West Pacific.
A previous WWB created a large Kelvin Wave tracking towards South America in January (starting 1/8, peaking 1/28 then fading the first week of Feb) followed by a second strong WWB in Feb-Mar (as strong as the first one starting 2/15 and peaking 2/20-3/2 then fading 3/10) setting up and offering yet more reinforcing transport warm water east. And then a third weak westerly wind burst developed (starting 3/12 and faded out by 3/28). And a fourth weaker one started 4/7 and held through 4/20, and was strong enough to be considered a minimal Westerly Wind Burst WWB. As of right now all this does not mean El Nino is in.cgiay. Still the pattern is something more than coincidental and strongly suggests some degree of pattern change has developed for the tropics. Of historical note: The big El Nino's of '82/32 and '97/98 both started forming in the February timeframe and progressed non-stop through the Summer and Fall months. A article presenting a Comparison between the genesis of the 1997 El Nino and this 2014 WWB event has been posted here.
The longer range models (dynamic and statistical) run on 5/16 are in sync. They both suggest a dead neutral Phase of the MJO was in control, with the recent Inactive Phase dissipated fully. Looking forward an effective dead neutral pattern is to set up and hold for the next 2 weeks. The statistic model depicts a weak version of the Active Phase building in the far West Pacific 10-15 days out while the dynamic model show a pure neutral pattern if not biased slightly Inactive. The ultra long range upper level model suggests the Inactive Phase was gone (much earlier than expected) and a new weak Active Phase was developing over the West Pacific and is to push rapidly east reaching the East Pacific 6/1. beyond a very weak Inactive pattern is to take over starting 5/27 and pushing east into June 16. An equally weak Active Phase is to follow traversing the equatorial Pacific 6/16 through at least the end of the month. A very weak MJO pattern is what one would expect if an El Nino were to develop - namely that the MJO would all but disappear. That is the hallmark of El Nino, a very weak MJO signal. Seeing how by early June (13 days from now) we'll be moving out of the Spring Unpredictability Barrier, the development of a weak to non-existent MJO pattern would be right on-time and expected. So as of right now there is to be effectively only one Inactive Phase for the whole first 6 months of 2014, before we push out of the Spring Unpredictability Barrier and into a weak summer time MJO pattern. Interesting. The upper level model tends to be a leading indicator, with surface level anomalies lagging behind 1 week or more.
The more warm water in the equatorial East Pacific means more storm production in the North Pacific during winter months (roughly speaking). Cold water in that area has a dampening effect. Regardless of what the atmospheric models and surface winds suggest, actual water temperatures are a ground-truth indicator of what is occurring in the ocean. As of the most recent imagery (5/15), a markedly warm water regime is building from Ecuador west over the Galapagos and drifting west from there peaking at 2.7-2.8 deg C above normal with a more modest warm pool ranging in the +0.5-1.0 deg C range extending west from there to the dateline and reaching 5 degrees north and south of the equator. There are embedded warmer pockets in the +1.5 deg C range. Of notice is markedly warmer water now building down into Peru and up into Southern Central America. The signature warm triangle bound by Peru, Costa Rica and the Galapagos is developing. But of most interest continues to be the evolution of the smaller and warmer pool between the Galapagos and Ecuador (which first appearing about 5/1). This hot spot is the breech point of a large Kelvin Wave that has been lurking just below the surface for a month now and built by consecutive Westerly Wind burst Jan-April. The larger equatorial warming pattern started in earnest on 3/29 and has been solidifying it's grasp every since, and is being fed by the Galapagos warm pool. In comparison to water temp anomalies for the '97 El Nino event, Galapagos waters reached a similar state on 4/25 or about 10 days earlier than water temps on 5/5 in this 2014 event. And by 5/10/97 the footprint was marked with +3.5 deg C anomalies. So by 5/20 this 2014 event will have to rapidly deepen to be considered similar (+3.5 deg C anomalies required, or another +0.7 deg C warmer - within the realm of possibility but a bit of a reach). If the Galapagos warm pool does not reach that critical 3.5 deg C anomaly point, then there will start to be doubts about how strong this 2014 event will become (as compared to the so called 'Super El Nino' '97 event). But even if it doesn't reach 'super' status, a solid El Nino still looks likely. Elsewhere the entire North Pacific Ocean is full of warmer than normal water as is the West Pacific (north and south). There are only weak signs of high pressure induced upwelling streaming southwest off California either as would be expected for this time of year. This is significant. And the only cool water present is streaming off Southern Chile pushing west almost reaching up to the equator, but getting shunted south by the warm water on the equator. Overall the total amount of warmer than normal water in the North Pacific is impressive. But all eyes remain on the developing breech of warm water along the western coast of Ecuador as a gauge of what's to come atmospherically.
Subsurface waters temps on the equator remain solid. Of great interest is a large area of warm +3-5 deg C above normal water in.cgiace and tracking east with it's core 150 meters down somewhere near 115W. As best as can be identified this Kelvin Wave covers the area from 180W to Ecuador with the core between 140 and 90W. The leading edge is impacting Ecuador and the Galapagos. We've expecting surface water temps to rise rapidly and over a larger area than is currently the case (5/15), but we believe it's just a matter of time with the cutoff date set at 5/20. Given the lack of sensors between 155W and 110W, exact details concerning the core of the Kelvin Wave remain sketchy, but the leading edge waters temps are not in doubt. The Kelvin Wave has also been confirmed via satellite in the form of increased surface water heights at +10 cm from the Galapagos to Ecuador (5/3), with +5 cm anomalies extending west of the dateline. This suggests warm water at depth is di.cgiacing the surface upwards. Also data from the TOA array suggests warm water is again building just west of the dateline at 155W at +3 degs C, likely the result of the 4th WWB in April. So another pulse of warm water is en-route to reinforce the existing warm water currently erupting off Ecuador.
Based on previous history the evolution pattern would follow this general pattern: A large Kelvin Wave will erupt along the South American coast, and the increase in water temps should reduce trades above it (by reducing surface air pressure), which in turn could support yet more warm water build-up (heated by the sun and through reduced upwelling). Aided by yet another WWB in the West Pacific fueled by warm water tracking west from the initial eruption site over the Galapagos) and more eastward moving warm subsurface water, a feedback loop could develop, reinforcing the warm water flow and buildup off Central America into the Fall. But we're a long ways from that occurring just yet. What is needed is another Westerly Wind burst or at least continued westerly anomalies. Anything that reduces or suppresses trades in the equatorial West Pacific will suffice to continue the transport mechanism. So out-and-out west surface winds are not required. Anything that reduced trades in the east (like increasing water temps) will continue to stabilize the warm pool that is hopefully evolving there.
Projections from the CFSv2 model run 5/17 have stabilized. The model had been continuously suggesting some form of warming starting in March 2014 (which did occur) with temps reaching +0.5 in the Nino 3.4 zone by April 1 (also occurred). It now suggests water temps building to +1.0 deg C by late August peaking at +1.45 deg C by Nov 2014 (down from previous highs near +1.75). Our guess is that some form of El Nino warning could be declared in the late May/early June timeframe if all stays on track. For reference, the big El Nino of '82/83 was at +2.0 degs and '97/98 was +2.2 degs at their respective peaks). The El Nino of 09/10 was +1.4 degs.
Previously a pattern of mult.cgie strong Westerly Wind Bursts occurred Jan-March 2014, but then moderated in late March, but never gave way to a fully Inactive Phase (with no hint of easterly anomalies west of the dateline) till early May. Then weak eastern anomalies developed May 5 and are to hold through May 15th, then returning to a neutral if not weak westerly flow. This is great news with westerly anomalies in.cgiay for 4 full months and forecast to give way for only 10 day for the first 6 months of 2014. Longterm this signal (suppressed trades in the far equatorial West Pacific) will have to hold into at least August with warm water building greater than 0.5 deg C over the tropical East and Central Pacific (120W to 170W) before one could declare the development of El Nino, though that already appears to be the case. There remains much unknown as we traverse the Spring 'Unpredictability Pattern" (mid-March through early June), though any sort of a total collapse is looking much less likely. But the further into the unpredictability barrier we get with west anomalies continuing, and then into Summer, the lower the likelihood of a total collapse becomes.
Overall the immediate outlook remains unchanged, but potentially trending towards something that would be considered warm by June-July 2014, assuming one is to believe the models and the subsurface water configuration. At a minimum the ocean is in recharge mode, with cold water from the 2010-2011 La Nina dispersed and temperatures on the rise in fit's-and-starts. Regardless of the WWBs etc, we are in a neutral ENSO atmospheric pattern at this time with neither any form of El Nino or La Nina present or imminent. Given all current signs, warming could start developing by May in earnest over the equatorial Pacific possibly increasing during the summer, intensifying into Fall. Monitoring the affects when and if the Kelvin Wave arrives along the equatorial East Pacific will be key to the potential evolution of a warm event. Still there remains 6 months ahead where any number of hazards could derail this event. But this is a better.cgiace than previous years (2010-2011, 2011-2012 and 2012-2013) under the direct influence of La Nina. And it seems apparent we've finally recovered from the 2009-2010 El Nino. In a normal situation one would expect there to be at least one or two years of neutral temperatures ultimately converging in a stronger warmer pattern and possible El Nino 2-3 years out (2015 or 2016). Historically, this is the 'normal' pattern (a few years of false starts post La Nina before a legit El Nino forms). We've turned the corner, but it is still unknown what impact it will have on the atmosphere especially in light of what appears to be a decadal bias towards a cooler regime (since 1998).
See imagery in the ENSO Powertool and more details in the El Nino Update Updated 12/4/13
See a 'Comparison between the genesis of the 1997 El Nino and the 2014 WWB Event' Here (posted 4/5/2014)
Beyond 72 hours yet one more is forecast just southwest of New Zealand on Wed PM (5/21) with 60 kt southwest winds taking hold and seas on the increase from 32 ft at 52S 160E. 60 kt west winds to continue on Thurs AM (5/22) with seas building to 52 ft at 55S 171E aimed due east. 55 kt west winds to continue in to the evening with seas still 52 ft at 55S 180w but tracking almost southeast pushing less swell northeastward at our preferred targets. Fetch is to be fading from 45-50 kts Fri AM (5/23) with seas fading from 42 ft at 55S 176W aimed east. Fetch is to be fading from 45 kts on Fri PM with seas fading from 38 ft at 55S 174W. A quick fade to follow. If all goes as forecast yet more small longer period swell could result.
Details to follow...
External Reference Material: El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), Kelvin Wave
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